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Compu er crimes -> , hacki g Defi ed broadly, he erm &quo ;compu er crime&quo ; could reaso ably i clude a wide varie y of crimi al offe ses, ac ivi ies, or issues. he po e ial scope is eve larger whe usi g he freque compa io or subs i u e erm &quo ;compu er-rela ed crime.&quo ; Give he pervasive ess of compu ers i everyday life, eve i he lives of hose who have ever opera ed a compu er, here is almos always some o rivial exus be wee crime a d compu ers. By he FBI's defi i io , cyber errorism is well beyo d he scope of his paper. Wi h i creasi g freque cy his erm is bei g used by he mass media. Abse a y evide ce of ac ivi y, we'll leave i i he &quo ;eye of he beholder&quo ; o de ermi e whe her cyber errorism is curre ly bei g de erred, is a pha om me ace or somewhere i be wee . A key dis i c io be wee elec ro ic civil disobedie ce a d poli icized hacki g is a o ymi y. he mo ive for remai i g secre is simple: he majori y of poli ically mo iva ed hacks are clearly illegal. Mos i s i u io s recog ize ha breaki g i o a oppo e 's compu er a d addi g, cha gi g or dele i g (H ML) code, eve if i is juve ile graffi i, viola es some o her’s righ s. A i udes a d opi io s begi o diverge markedly arou d his poi however. O e perso ’s ac ivis is a o her’s erroris . &quo ;A lo of groups are claimi g ha hey're hacki g i o si es for a higher moral purpose, bu hey're hidi g beyo d a o ymi y or pseudo ymi y. aki g respo sibili y is o some hi g we see happe i g.&quo ; A he hear of his discussio is he ques io of mo ive. Opi io s differ jus as much wi hi he hacker commu i y as ou side over he efficacy of cer ai ac io s. he spa e of (zombie) DDoS a acks agai s promi e e-commerce si es ha occurred i February 2000 sparked a deba e be wee wo promi e hacker collec ives. he Elec rohippies Collec ive claims he I er e as a public space liable o be used by groups a d i dividuals as a mea s of pro es . As ac ivis s, hey admi o prac ical differe ce be wee how cyberspace a d he s ree are used by socie y. Rece ac io s o he I er e agai s e-commerce si es represe a fu dame al disagreeme abou he purposes of he I er e , a d he i creasi g emphasis o he use of he ‘ e as a vehicle for profi able rade ra her ha of k owledge a d discussio . he cDc, says, he arge ed si es were selec ed for heir ame recog i io a d pres ige value, o for heir commercial a ribu es or ac ivi ies. You may make yourself feel good a d ge a lo of a e io , bu whe you crack a Web si e, you are viola i g a o her perso 's righ s. wha does ha mea ? CRIME!