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Психология, Общение, Человек Психология, Общение, Человек
What is Anorexiz Nervosa
Savche ko a alia he discussio will be o a ea i g disorder, A orexia ervosa, ha is a huge co cer of our socie y. I is a ea i g disorder ha is caused by a complex mix ure of social, psychological a d physical problems a d co sis s of various co di io s ha i volve a obsessio wi h food, weigh a d appeara ce o he degree where a perso ’s heal h, rela io ships a d usual everyday ac ivi ies are hrea e ed o fail. he s a is ics are drama ic. A orexia has become more commo i developi g cou ries i he pas 20 years. 50% of A orexics recover fully, a o her 20% o ly recover physically a d he repor ed mor ali y ra e is 20%. Each year, approxima ely o e ou of every 200 females adolesce s become a orexic. Abou 90-95% of all people who suffer from A orexia ervosa are females. he mos vul erable o his ea i g disorder are he ambi ious, achievi g girls be wee he ages of 12 a d 25. However, i i dus rialized cou ries, he co di io is becomi g more prevale i all age groups a d bo h sexes . he mai rai of a orexia is whe body weigh is more he 15% lower he he expec ed o e. I is caused by fear of gai i g weigh ha embraces excessive preoccupa io wi h food a d ab ormal ea i g habi s. Basically, i is a addic io ha resul s i successive cha ges i mi d a d body. he progressio of hese cha ges follows a orderly a d predic able pa h from heal h o me al a d physical devas a io . he addic io ha we are alki g abou is a resul of self-s arva io process. his mea s ha duri g ha process a group of subs a ces called e dorphi s is produced by he body ha is very addic ive. hese subs a ces play major role i causi g he behavioral a d me al cha ges charac eris ic o his co di io a d are respo sible for perpe ua i g a d mai ai i g a orec ic behavior hroughou all s ages of addic ive process. he addic io co cep of A orexia ervosa is made up of 2 pri ciples: O e s a es ha much of he a orexics ac io s like behavior a d hi ki g are gover ed by he mecha ism of reward. ha is a perso will self-admi is er by e gagi g i such behavior whereas a o -addic ive subs a ce will o cause a perso o au oma ically co i ue self-admi is ra io i order o ge some pleasa experie ce. he seco d is ha here is a direc causa ive rela io ship be wee he s a e of ea i g a d he s a e of mood a d feeli gs. Which mea s ha o -ea i g a d weigh loss promo e a se se of well-bei g or improveme of depressed mood via release of e dorphi s. wo ypes of A orexia ervosa are recog ized: firs is a simple res ric io of food. People usually s arve hemselves despi e he hu ger pai s ha hey suffer. he seco d ype i cludes res ric io of food a d ei her regular purgi g or bi gi g a d purgi g oge her. I is do e by mea s of laxa ives, appe i e suppressa s or eve self-i duced vomi i g. he dis i guishi g die e ic re ds are co sump io of low-fa foods, vege aria ism a d avoida ce of all he swee produc s. Moreover, drama ic reduc io i caloric i ake akes place ha is ma y imes acce ua ed by a sig ifica i crease i ac ivi y. Of e a aversio o foods is developed. Such ea i g behavior is a cause of severe lack of macro u rie s such as fa s, pro ei s a d carbohydra es as well as mi erals a d vi ami s ha make i impossible for a orga ism o mai ai i self i good heal h.
A orexia ervosa also falls i o a ca egory of me al ill esses because i has bee fou d ha his co di io is ma y imes accompa ied by o her me al ill ess. Commo for all he a orexics is ha food becomes he mai objec of heir lives a d i makes hem feel as if i was impossible o live wi hou i . Food becomes a domi a i all he daily regula io s a d judgme s. A d u like o her ea i g disorders sufferi g from a orexia do o co sider heir weigh loss a d res ric ed ea i g as problema ic a d o ma er how much hey weigh , he feeli g of bei g overly fa will o aba do hem. A orexia ervosa co sis s of various s ages. Firs is he Early Loss Phase where a series of physical a d me al cha ges occur as adap a io cha ge o promo e survival. he i is followed by a Adva ced Weigh Loss Phase. I begi s whe a perso reaches he desired weigh bu is u able o s op die i g due o he addic ive fu c io of e dorphi s. Brai depe de cy akes place, judgdeme s become less percep ive a d objec ive. he hird phase is he Bur -ou Phase. Here he olera ce ca o lo ger be overcomed by a i dividual. Duri g his phase a a orec ic feels he re ur of some a xie y a d depressio because a perso fi ds ou ha she or he does o cope as well as did i he previous phases. Also because he feeli g is wor h, he addic ed side of he a orec ic’s mi d makes every effor o lock i a view of herself/himself ha is i favor of self-s arva io . Jus like o her addic s, he a orec ic has o hi he proverbial bo om before cha ge is ruly possible a d has a reaso able cha ce o las . he a orec ic has o experie ce he power of he addic io eve wi hou bei g aware of i . o reaso i g or hrea e i g has a ywhere ear as much effec o he a orec ic’s a i ude as he pai ful experie ce of bei g co sumed by he addic io , o ly o fi d ou i he e d ha she has bee wreckled by i a d has received o hi g i re ur . A his poi a orexics may give i o urgi g of heir pare s or frie ds a d agree o seek professio al help So wha are he mai forces ha make people loose co rol over o e’s lives? A orexia ervosa is a very complex disease a d wide varie y of reaso s u derlie i however despi e ha ha mos specialis s agree ha die i g is he basic e ry li e for e eri g he disorder. A orexics hemselves ca be divided i o wo groups: firs co sis of hose ha have co cer s rela ed o heir weigh . U der he seco d group fall hose people ha have problema ic rela io ship wi h o eself a d o hers. he disorder is fur her complica ed whe braided wi h he social dema d ha pu grea emphasis o appeara ce a d hi ess. Bu ge erally i is o hi g bu he ou come of chro ically depressed mood a d he co s i u io al i abili y o mai ai a i er al equilibrium. I is k ow ha A orexia ervosa affec s bo h males a d females of differe age groups a d e hical a d racial backgrou ds. However some e de cies do appear. A orexia more of e affec s wome . Me are affec ed less par ly because i is believed ha i is ’ sui able for a ma ha is o a gay o be over co cer ed wi h his body. he grea er disposi io owards A orexia ervosa i wome ca easily be reaso ed. I is commo place ha all he wome magazi es usually have e imes as ma y adver iseme s a d ar icles o weigh loss as ma ’s do.
his happe s because every magazi e ries o sa isfy he reader’s dema d. By doi g ha hey make females bri g back hough s abou heir weigh over a d over agai . A d he mai reaso for such i eres owards die i g is ha ow more he ever ma ki d is bombarded by housa ds of images of you g beau iful a d ex remely hi models smili g from everywhere: V-scree s, press a d publici y boards. his fac is also direc ly correla ed o he i creased dema d o books a d ar icles describi g he die s a d exercise s ra egies of hese ideal girls a d makes wome believe ha each o e of hem ca achieve such hi ess o a cos of a bi of sufferi g. Wome may also s ar correla i g model’s success o heir slim bodies. hese hough s may mislead hem i o he idea ha wi hou i is impossible o achieve he desired success. he models surrou di g us (i press, elevisio a d o her sources) also crea e s ro g associa io s of beau iful as i separable from hi ha is a o her reaso of wa i g o achieve hese ex remely hi shapes. A orexia may also resul from low self-es eem i a emp s o ob ai ex er al valida io by ryi g o ma ch u realis ic media image. I is mos of e expressed i people who are perfec io is s, have difficul ies i ha dli g s ress si ua io s or i hose ha possess dis or body image a d are co s a ly preoccupied wi h weigh , body size a d shape. A orexia may be riggered from a simple remark of a o her perso owards a i dividual wi h low self-co fide ce. Or he psychological si ua io migh be adversely affec ed by loss of a loved o e. hese si ua io s may dis or a urally weak psychological bala ce givi g a push owards his ea i g disorder. Moreover, correla io has bee es ablished be wee emo io al, physical a d sexual abuse. A d si ce females are abused more of e he males, his fac serves as a o her reaso ha explai s he higher perce age of cases amo g wome ha me . A o her major source of A orexia ervosa lies i spor s ha pu grea emphasis o weigh a d appeara ce. he examples are: gym as ics, bodybuildi g, balle a d dis a ce ru i g. I hese cases compe i io s a ds ou as he mai e gi e ha ge era es he ea i g disorder. I addi io o all he above me io ed, A orexia ervosa may have age- rela ed origi s. Whe you g people duri g heir puber y period experie ce ma y a ural body cha ges. hey are of e perceived as u co rolled a d u desirable a d excessive die i g may be see as a mea of bri gi g back he co rol ha leads o developme A orexia ervosa. A d o he o her ex reme whe wome ge older life cha ges a d o her problems s ar riggeri g he da ger of falli g i o his ea i g disorder. For mos of hem i is he s ress of middle life such as me opause, co flic abou sex a d social pressure ha dema ds from wome o s ay you g or o herwise will be displace by a you ger rival ei her i her social or perso al life. Some cases of you g people may resul from excessive a emp of heir pare s o co rol heir child’s weigh . Usually he expec ed effec is o achieved, i s ead ha makes ee agers doub abou heir appeara ce a d dis urb he self-es eem ha is of e based o he pare ’s approval. A las , few cases have bee repor ed where ea i g disorders occurred i various ge era io s wi hi a family ha sugges s us ha ge e ic prepossessio does play a impor a role i occurre ce A orexia ervosa.
Buy slides, postcards, Купите слайды, открытки, records and toys. пластинки и игрушки. Russia is famous for amber. Россия славится янтарем. How much is it here? Сколько он стоит здесь? Amber is rather cheap in Янтарь довольно дешев в этой this country. стране. Oh, it's my wife's dream. О, это мечта моей жены. Do you have children? У Вас есть дети? THAT'S A PROBLEM: ЭТО ЗАДАЧА... ----------------- ------------ My wife is twice as old Моя жена в два раза старше нашей as our daughter. дочери. But she is five years younger Но она на пять лет моложе меня. than me. Our daughter is 13 years Наша дочь на 13 лет старше нашего older than our son. сына. And he is going to school А он пойдет в школу в будущем next year. году. That's a problem for a Это задача для математика! mathematician: It's not easy to solve it. Ее нелегко решить. WHO LIKES COFFEE AND WHO КТО ЛЮБИТ КОФЕ, А КТО ЛЮБИТ ЧАЙ ------------------------ ------------------------------ LIKES TEA -------- And what about a cup of А как насчет чашечки кофе? coffee? We can discuss things in Mы можем обсудить кое-что за the meantime. это время. No objections. Нет возражений. "One, two, three, let me Один, два, три, разрешите по see. думать, Who likes coffee Кто любит кофе, And who likes tea? А кто любит чай. - 18 One, two, three, now I see Раз, два, три, теперь я знаю, You all like coffee Вы все любите кофе, And I like tea". А я люблю чай
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