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Great Britain, Science
GREA BRI AI he U i ed Ki gdom of Grea Bri ai a d o her Irela d occupies erri ory of he Bri ish Isles which are si ua ed o he or h-wes of Europe. hey co sis of wo mai isla ds: Grea Bri ai a d Irela d. E gla d is i he sou h of he isla d of Grea Bri ai , Sco la d is i he or h a d Wales is i he wes . or he Irela d is si ua ed i he o h-eas er par of Irela d. I ’s wes er coas is washed by he A la ic ocea . I he eas he isla d of Grea Bri ai is washed by he or h Sea. he Irish Sea, he or h Cha el a d he S . George’s Cha el separa e Irela d from Grea Bri ai . Grea Bri ai is separa ed from Fra ce by he E glish Cha el, which is 32 km wide i i ’s arrowes par . I everyday speech “Grea Bri ai ” is used o mea he UK. he clima of Bri ai is usually described as cool, empera e a d humid. As he wea her cha ges wi h a wi d, a d Bri ai is visi ed by wi ds from differe par s of he world, he mos charac eris ic fea ure of Bri ai ’s wea her is i ’s variabili y. Summers are o ho a d wi ers are o cold i Bri ai . he s ow ever lies for lo g o he grou d. As a rule here is o ice o he wa ers of rivers a d lakes. So we may say ha he Bri ish clima has 3 mai fea ures: i is mild, humid a d cha geble. ha mea s ha i ’s ever oo ho or oo warm. E glish is he official, bu o he o ly la guage used i he cou ry. Bri ai has bee ma y ce uries i he maki g. he Roma s co qered mos par of Bri ai , bu were u able o subdue he fiercely i depe de ribes i he Wes a d i he or h. Fur her waves of i vaders followed: A gels, Saxo s, Ju es, Viki gs a d orma s. All hese co ribu ed o he mix ure we call E glish. For ma y ce uries his cou ry was k ow simply as E gla d. I had a s ro g army a d avy. I waged umerous colo ial wars. E gla d, o ce he “work shop of he world”, was he firs o become a highly i dus rial cou ry. here are o big rivers i Grea Bri ai . he bigges are Sever a d hames. here are a lo of mou ai i Grea Bri ai , bu hey are i high. he highes mou ai - Be evis - is i Sco la d. he flora of he Bri ish Isles is much varied a d he fau a is similar o ha of he or h-wes of Europe. he cou ry is o very rich i a ural resourses bu here were suffice for he I dus rial Revolu io o s ar . Lo do is he capi al of he UK. I was fou ded by he Roma s. he popula io of Lo do is over 8 millio people. he larges ci ies of Grea Bri ai besides Lo do are: Birmi gham, Glasgo, Liverpool, Ma ches er, Sheffield, Bris ol, Leeds, Edi burgh. he mos impor a seapor s are: Lo do , Liverpool, Belfas , Glasgow a d Cardiff. Scie ce he word “scie ce” comes from he la i word “scie ia”, which mea s “k owledge”. Scie is s make observa io s a d collec fac s i field hey work i . he hey arra ge fac s ordelly a d ry o express he co ac io be wee he fac s a d ry o work ou heories. he hey have o prove he fac s or heory correc a d make sufficie a d sou d evide ce. So sie ific k owledge is always growi g a d improvi g. Scie ce has grea i flue ce o our life. I provides wi h base of moder ech ology, ma erials, sources of power a d so o . Moder scie ce a d ech ology have cha ged our life i ma y differe ways.
Duri g he prese ce ury our life cha ged grea ly. ha ks o radio a d elevisio we ca do a grea umber of jobs; i was radio a d V ha made i possible o pho ograph he dark side of he moo a d o alk wi h he firs cosmo au while he was orbi i g he Ear h. O of he wo ders og our age is he “elec ro ic brai ”, or gia calcula i g mashi e, which ca o some ex e duplics e huma se ces. he desk compu er is expec ed o fu c io as your perso al libraria , o carry ou simple op imiza io compu a io s, o co rol your budge or die , play several hu dred games, e c. fur her developme of he compu er is bellieved o lead o a si ua io i which mos of he k owledge accep ed by ma ki d will be s ored i he compu ers a d made accessible o a yo e wi h he home compu ers. I is a ural ha he adve of mi icompu ers wi h ex e sive memories a d possibili ies will lead o a ew higher level i i forma io cul ure. Amo g o her hi gs, we shall be able o orga ise educa io al process i he cou ry’s colleges a d u iversi ies a d also i he sys em of school educa io o a ew basic. K owledge is he mos valuable weal h, a d mi icompu ers will help us o make i accessible for everyo e. Agrycul iral sie is s develop be er varie ives of pla s. he developme of a ibio ics a d o her drugs has helped o co rol ma y diseases. S udies i a a omy a d physiology have le o amazi g surgical opera io s a d he i ve io s of lifesavi g mashi es, ha ca do he work of such orga s as hear , lu gs a d so o . uclear fissio whe a reme dous amou if e ergy is se i g free is very impor a discovery. Scie ce improved he livi g s a dar s, commu ica io s, promo ed co ac be wee people a d gover me , k owledge a d cul ure, made i possible o discover a d develop ew sources of e ergy, made i possible o prolo g ma ’s life. Bu scie ce also has some disadva ages. I produces mass cul ure: pai i g, music, li era ure. Some scie ific i ve io s i crease he ecological problems, provide wi h ew diseases like AIDS, i creased he da ger of viole dea h. he grea es scie is s were very persis e a d were sure i heir success. Eve wi hou a y serious educa io hey made grea i ve io s. Eve duri g imes of disappoi i g experime s a d u ack owledgeme by o her scie is s, hey did ’ give up a d we o worki g ou heories. Also hey were always ready o begi every hi g from he very begi i g. hey worked a lo , a d his work was ’ for mo ey. he aim, he mai objec of he grea es scie is s of all imes was always o fi d ou he ri h a d o perso al prejudices ca be allowed. So he scie ce grows a d prospers a d is he e gi e of progress. he problem of lear i g la guages very impor a oday. Foreig la guages are socially dema ded especially a he prese ime whe he progress i scie ce a d ech ology has led o a explosio of k owledge a d has co ribu ed o a overflow of i forma io . he o al k owledge of ma ki d is k ow o double every seve years. Foreig la guages are eeded as he mai a d he mos efficie mea s of i forma io excha ge of he people of our pla e . oday E glish is he la guage of he world. Over 300 millio people speak i as mo her o gue.
he a ive speakers of E glish live i Grea Bri ai , he U i ed S a es of America, Aus ralia a d ew Zeala d. E glish is o e of he official la guages i he Irish Republic, Ca ada, he Sou h Africa Republic. As he seco d la guage i is used i he former Bri ish a d US colo ies. I is o o ly he a io al or he official la guage of some hir y s a es which represe s differe cul ures, bu i is also he major i er a io al la guage for commu ica io i such areas as scie ce, ech ology, busi ess a d mass e er ai me . E glish is o e of he official la guages of he U i ed a io s Orga isa io a d o her poli ical orga isa io s. I is he la guage of li era ure, educa io , moder music, i er a io al ourism. Russia is i egra i g i o he world commu i y a d he problem of lear i g E glish for he purpose of commu ica io is especially urge oday. So far here is o u iversal or ideal me hod of lear i g la guages. Everybody has his ow way. Some imes i is bori g o s udy grammar or o lear ew words. Bu i is well k ow ha readi g books i he origi al, lis e i g o BBC ews a d E glish speaki g si gers, visi i g a E glish speaki g cou ry, commu ica i g wi h he E glish speaki g people will help a lo . Whe lear i g a foreig la guage you lear he cul ure a d his ory of he a ive speakers.
И вдаль ушел с улыбкой. * ПРИМЕЧАНИЯ * Глава первая. ТАИНСТВЕННЫЕ ПТИЦЫ РОБЕРТА ЧЕСТЕРА 1 Lee S. A Life of Shakespeare. L., 1898, p. 184. 2 The Phoenix Nest, 1593. Ed. by H.E.Rollins. Cambridge (Mass.), 1931, reiss. 1969. 3 Brittons Bowre of Delight, 1591. Ed. by H.E.Rollins. Cambridge (Mass.), 1933. 4 Englands Helicon, ,1600, 1614. Ed. by H.Macdonald. L., 1949; Englands Parnassus 1600. Ed. by Ch.Crawford. Oxford, 1917; A Poetical Rhapsody 1601-1621. Ed. by H.E.Rollins. Cambridge (Mass.), 1931-1932. Vol. 1,2. 5 GrosartA.B. Robert Chester's Loves Martyr or Rosalin's Complaint. L., 1878. 6 Loves Martyr: or Rosalin's Complaint. Allegorically shadowing the truth of Love in the constant Fate of the Phoenix and the Turtle. A Poem enterlaced with much varietie and raritie; now first translated out of the venerable Italian Torquato Caeliano,by Robert Chester... Mar.: Mutare dominum not potest liber notus. London. Imprinted for E.B. 1601. (Орфография оригинала.) 7 The Anuals of Great Britain. Or a most excellent Monument, wherein may be scene all the antiquities of this Kingdome, to the satisfaction both of the Universities, or any other place stirred with Emulation of long continuance
1. The Economy of Great Britain
2. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
3. The Economy of Great Britain
4. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)
5. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life
9. National Sports of Great Britain
10. Climate and nature of Great Britain
11. The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease
12. School in Great Britain
13. The weather in Great Britain
14. Climate of Great Britain
15. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.
16. Culture in Great Britain
17. The political system of Great Britain
18. Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine
19. History of Great Britain
20. Traditions and holidays of Great Britain
21. Youth organizations in Great Britain
25. Great Britain during and after the Napoleonic wars
26. Will Russia be a Rising State a Great Failure?
27. Sport: general, in Britain
28. Sport: general, in Britain
29. Great White
31. Mathematics as a science
32. Pets in Britain
33. The Higher school and the ways to science
34. Great Britan
35. The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine
36. Peter the Great
37. Holidays in Russia, Britain and the USA
41. The National Parks of Great Britan
42. Historical measurement of the science of governing