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Законодательство и право Законодательство и право     История государства и права зарубежных стран История государства и права зарубежных стран

Why was the United States unsuccessful in Vietnam?

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Why was he U i ed S a es u successful i Vie am? Igor Mersho he commu is beliefs bega i 1848, whe Karl Marx a d Friedrich E gels wro e a book called he Commu is Ma ifes o. his book defi ed he beliefs of commu ism, alo g wi h por rayi g he a ural evolu io of a commu is u opia from a capi alis socie y. Marx a d E gels defi ed commu ism o be a co cep , or sys em, of socie y i which he major resources a d mea s of produc io are ow ed by he commu i y, ra her ha by he i dividuals. I heory, such socie ies provide for equal shari g of all work, accordi g o abili y, a d all be efi s, accordi g o eed. his, however, did o work because people are ge erally selfish a d lazy. Each perso wa s o do he leas amou possible o gai he mos from i . his is where he co flic s arise. he Sovie U io bega i s commu is regime u der Vladimir Le i . His ideas a d eachi gs led o mass populari y due o a poor eco omy i Russia a he ime. Le i was o a bad leader, however he died before he was able o see his pla ake full effec . He had o ly o e war i g o he people of Russia: ever o le Joseph S ali ge i o power. Le i was able o foresee he yra whe ma y o hers were bli d. he people did o realize heir error whe S ali succeeded. Bu by he , i was oo la e; S ali had ur ed Russia i o a fascis dic a orship.Duri g World War II, Commu ism, combi ed wi h fascism, had prove o be very da gerous. he Commu is s saw heir way o be perfec , a d hey had he idea ha everyo e should prac ice heir beliefs. Commu ism had s ar ed i Asia, wi h he likes of Joseph S ali a d Mao se u g. I he mid o la e i e ee for ies, commu ism was hrivi g i Asia. he Chi ese a d he Russia s had pushed he spread of Commu ism sou h i o cou ries such as Cambodia a d Vie am. he U i ed S a ed saw his as a very real hrea , a d kep a close eye o he commu is adva ceme . Be wee 1945 a d 1975, he umber of cou ries u der commu is rule i creased grea ly. his is par ly because of he way he vic orious powers of World War II divided he world amo gs hemselves. his is also due o he fac ha cou ries such as Chi a a d he Sovie U io pushed heir beliefs yra ically o o her weak cou ries.O e of such cou ries was Vie am. . From 1946 u il 1954, he Vie amese had s ruggled for heir i depe de ce from Fra ce duri g he Firs I dochi a War. A he e d of his war, he cou ry was emporarily divided i o or h a d Sou h Vie am alo g he 17 h parallel. or h Vie am came u der he co rol of he Vie amese Commu is s who had opposed Fra ce a d who aimed for a u ified Vie am u der Commu is rule. Vie amese who had collabora ed wi h he Fre ch co rolled he Sou h. he foreig policy of he U i ed S a es duri g he Cold War was drive by a fear of he spread of Commu ism. Eas er Europe had falle u der he domi a io of he Commu is USSR, a d Commu is s ruled Chi a. his policy was k ow as he "domi o heory." U i ed S a es policymakers fel hey could o afford o lose Sou heas Asia as well o he Commu is s. he U i ed S a es herefore offered o assis he Fre ch i recap uri g Vie am.Mee i g i Ge eva, Swi zerla d, from May 8 o July 21, 1954, diploma s from Fra ce, he U i ed Ki gdom, he USSR, Chi a, a d he U i ed S a es, as well as represe a ives from Vie am, Laos, a d Cambodia, draf ed a se of agreeme s called he Ge eva Accords.

hese agreeme s provided for he wi hdrawal of Fre ch roops o he sou h of Vie am u il hey could be safely removed from he cou ry. hey also agreed ha Elec io s were o be held i 1956 hroughou he or h a d sou h a d o be supervised by a I er a io al Co rol Commissio ha had bee appoi ed a Ge eva a d was made up of represe a ives from Ca ada, Pola d, a d I dia. Followi g hese elec io s, Vie am was o be reu i ed u der he gover me chose by popular vo e. he U i ed S a es refused o sig he accords, because i did o wa o allow he possibili y of Commu is co rol over Vie am. he U.S. gover me moved o es ablish he Sou heas Asia rea y Orga iza io (SEA O), a regio al allia ce ha ex e ded pro ec io o Sou h Vie am, Cambodia, a d Laos i case of Commu is "subversio ." SEA O, which came i o force i 1955, became he mecha ism by which Washi g o jus ified i s suppor for Sou h Vie am; his suppor eve ually became direc i volveme of U.S. roops.O July 30, 1964, he gover me of or h Vie am complai ed ha Sou h Vie amese ships, pro ec ed by a America des royer, had a acked wo of heir isla ds. O Augus 2, or h Vie amese pa rol orpedo boa s a acked he America des royer Maddox i he Gulf of o ki bu were drive off. Five days la er, o Augus 7, Co gress adop ed wha became k ow as he o ki Gulf Resolu io . I s a ed ha he Preside could “ ake all ecessary measures o repel a y armed a ack agai s armed forces of he U i ed S a es a d o preve fur her aggressio .” he Vie am War had become America ized. Followi g he o ki Gulf Resolu io , or h Vie am bega i fil ra i g regular army u i s i o Sou h Vie am. I he mea ime, he Preside Joh so a d his advisors decided ha he U i ed S a es should bomb or h Vie am a d se d roops i o Sou h Vie am. he or h Vie amese fough he guerrillas war. hey hid i u dergrou d u els a d i ju gles. I a effor o des roy he ju gles he U i ed S a es sprayed huge qua i ies of oxic chemicals o he cou ryside. I caused mass s arva io a d bir h defec s i Vie amese childre , as well as o liver damage, muscular disorders, a d o her heal h problems for he adul s who were exposed o he chemicals. By 1966 ma y America s were begi i g o have serious doub s abou he a io ’s growi gi volveme i Vie am. Wi hou he suppor of heir fellow America s a home, i became i creasi gly difficul for soldiers a war o figh effec ively. he a i-war a i ude a d he a rocious rea me of re ur i g ve era s, made you g me much more likely o evade he draf . I he eve ha hey e ded up Vie am, hey would figh less effec ively due o he fac ha hey did o suppor he cause hey were figh i g for. U dermi i g of he war by ac ivis s a home co i ued o i crease wi h he i crease i America casual ies. his problem is bes described by Rober Mc amara, Secre ary of Defe se u der bo h Ke edy a d Joh so : " A a io 's deepes s re g h lies o i i s mili ary prowess, bu ra her, i he u i y of i s people. We Wi hou his vi al u i y, i was a ear impossible ask for America o wi he war. As America became i creasi gly divided be wee a i-war ac ivis s a d hose who suppor ed he war, soldiers became i creasi gly disillusio ed wi h heir role i he war.

he soldiers realized ha perhaps wha hey were figh i g for was o a jus cause. he moral high grou d held by soldiers a he begi i g of he war bega o slip as more a d more soldiers realized ha hey did o ruly believe i hey were figh i g for. his coupled wi h low morale ha resul ed from he fashio ha ew recrui s were placed i o comba secured he or h Vie amese vic ory. Also here is he low morale a d lack of comba effec ive ess resul i g from poor comma d of he Army's resources. O e misma ageme ha resul ed i dire co seque ces for America was he fashio i which ew recrui s were i roduced i o he war. I s ead of se di g bra d- ew squads ha had rai ed oge her, i dividual soldiers were se o fill he space lef by a soldier who had jus bee killed or i jured. For he ve era soldiers, he ew recrui s served as remi ders of falle frie ds, a d hus were ever ruly accep ed i o he u i . Wi h his bei g he a i ude of ma y soldiers, i was very difficul for a sor of espri de corps o develop. he lack of comradely severely hampered he figh i g abili y of he army as a whole. he de rime al effec s resul i g from he lack of eamwork (arou d which every army eeds o be based) were fur her co fou ded by a lack of commi me o he war i had become i volved.I volveme i Vie am was i creased i very i creme al fashio . " Some.have cri icized he Gover me 's.gradual force buildup.i lieu of s riki g he e emy wi h full force." Had he Gover me comple ely commi ed i self o he war, i may o have dege era ed i o a le g hy defea from a decisive vic ory. he amou of firepower America could have brough o bear would have bee ear impossible o s a d agai s . While i is easy o heorize he ou come of he war had he full migh of he America Army bee brough o bear a o ce, i is much more difficul for o e o judge he reac io of he Sou h Vie amese people o a America vic ory.Fi ally, a d mos impor a , he suppor give by he Sou h Vie amese was a decidi g fac or i he ou come of he war. I is logical ha he suppor of hose o e is ryi g o libera e is required for libera io o be achieved. his is some hi g ha was, i par , lacki g duri g he Vie am War. A s able gover me was ever es ablished i Sou h Vie am, a d herefore he people of he sou h did o feel ha hey had some hi g wor h figh i g for. his ope ed a gulf be wee he America s a d he Vie amese as described i he followi g: " he Vie amese people saw he America s as perpe ra ors of he sufferi g Which he war had brough . he America soldiers did o wa o k ow he Vie amese, bu wa ed o ly o use hem for me ial labor, self- Gra ifica io , a d of e as scapegoa s for he frus ra io s a d a ger hey fel Agai s he e emy a d he war.America gave hem o hi g a d expec ed Loyal y i re ur . he Vie amese people saw o ly o e side of he America People a d he U i ed S a es a d mos of e i was he wors side." he lack of suppor from hose he America s were ryi g o save, coupled wi h i creasi g a i-war pro es a home, crea ed a clima e u sui able for wi i g he war. his si ua io o ly worse ed as he war progressed up o America wi hdrawal a d he eve ual fall of Saigo . he fi al ou come of he war was i evi able wi hou he full suppor of he Sou h Vie amese people.

They are doing new research in areas applicable worldwide.” Microsoft Research Asia has already developed a worldwide reputation for producing cutting-edge papers for the most important scientific journals and conferences. “This is the culture that built the Great Wall,” he added, “because it is a dedicated and direction-following culture.” Chinese people, explained Li, have both a superiority and an inferiority complex at the same time, which helps explain why they are racing America to the top, not the bottom. There is a deep and widely shared view that China was once great, that it succeeded in the past but now is far behind and must catch up again. “So there is a patriotic desire,” he said. “If our lab can do as well as the Redmond lab, that could be really exciting.” That sort of inspired leadership in science and engineering education is now totally missing in the United States. Said Intel chairman Craig Barrett, “U.S. technological leadership, innovation, and jobs of tomorrow require a commitment to basic research funding today.” According to a 2004 study by the Task Force on the Future of American Innovation, an industry-academic coalition, basic research performed at leading U.S. universities-research in chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, genomics, and semiconductor manufacturing-has created four thousand spin-off companies that hired 1.1 million employees and have annual world sales of $232 billion

1. Sport and recreation in the United States

2. My modern image of the United States

3. The United States of America

4. The United States Of America

5. The United States of America

6. The Tax System of the United States
The Tax System of the United States
7. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
8. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

9. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

10. United States of America

11. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

12. London city - Capital of the United Kingdom

13. The United Kingdom of Great Britain

14. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

15. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

16. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)

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17. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

18. Regulation in telecommunications industries: Why, What and How to Regulate?

19. Water World as Another Home for English Nation Reflected in the English Folklore

20. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

21. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

22. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
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24. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

25. Militant Islam’s Expansion in the Southern Philippines

26. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

27. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

28. The government role in the market economy

29. Прошлое экологического движения (The Environmental Movement As It Was)

30. A role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society

31. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present

32. Science in the 20th century

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33. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

34. My career in the future

35. Was wollte der Autor in seinem Marchen sagen?

36. Zaporozhye: The city in which I live

37. Biopolitics in Russia: History and Prospects for the Future

38. Ecological problems in big cities, particular in Moscow. How can a contradiction between the technological progress and ecology be solved from my point of view?
39. Sport in the UK
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40. The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine
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41. The political role of Great Britain in modern world

42. Was Poe being Ironic When He Wrote “The Black Cat”?

43. The roman times in british history

44. The Catcher in the Rye

45. The Tower in the 19th Century: From fortress to ancient monument

46. The improvement of work on the rhythm in the classes of english on the materials of limericks

47. Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.)

48. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

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49. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

50. Multiple Intelligences in the structure of a new English syllabus for secondary school

51. Role of the interpreter in the modern world

52. The Borrowed Words Process Development in English

53. The development of sustainable tourism in Turkey

54. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English
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55. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages
56. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

57. The collection of French art in the Hermitage

58. Advertising in the world of art

59. Formation of group behaviour in the organisations

60. Спецподразделения Армии Израиля: "Голани" (Special forces in Army of Israel Golani)

61. The great Britain

62. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

63. Luther Martin in krestjanskoy voyne w Germanii

64. Two approches to the scientific management

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65. Democracy in Russia

66. The Church of England

67. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

68. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

69. История развития компьютеров (Silicon Valley, its history & the best companies)

70. Small business lending in Kazakhstan (предоставление кредитов малому бизнесу в Казахстане)
71. Why do we learn English language?
Why do we learn English language?
72. AIDS IN AFRICA (СПИД в Африке)

73. American Federalism in 1990s

74. Banking services in Russia: theory and fact

75. Does the crime pay or not ?

76. Essay on the article "Tobacco and Tolerance: Blowing smoke" (о вреде курения)

77. Korea in Focus

78. Rome and the Roman Empire

79. Socionical approach in studding of nations

80. The Archangel Cathedral

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81. The capturing

82. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society

83. The great Britain

84. The Irish and Australia

85. The Khabarovsk territory

86. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)
87. The royal family (Королевское семейство)
88. The US Economy after September 11th. Decline or Rapid Growth? (Экономика США после 11-ого сентября. Снижение или Быстрый Рост?)

89. Список мирового наследия (The World Heritage List, на английском языке)

90. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

91. The Economy of Great Britain

92. Christmas in Britain (Рождество в Британии)

93. Mozart: Symphony #40 in G Minor, K.550 Моцарт: Симфония №40 в си-минор, К. 550

94. Sport: general, in Britain

95. "Career in hotel industry"

96. The History of English

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97. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

98. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

99. Leadership in Hospitality Industry


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