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How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

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Раздел: Ванная

omorrow how moder elecommu ica io cha ge he defi i io of work I 1876 Alexa der G. Bell crea ed he hi g ha cha ged our world. Cha ged agai A d i was ' he las cha ge i he moder his ory. La er i he XX ce ury he modula or-demodula or also k ow as modem was crea ed a d really s ar ed he elecommu ica io s Age. Firs compu ers were co ec ed oge her a d he e s ar ed growi g. I he las 20 years he lifes yle cha ged very much. Cellular pho es a d elec ro ic mail cha ged he way we commu ica e, sa elli e V a d WWW si es cha ged he way we ge he ews a d o -li e shops a d ju k e-mail cha ged he way we buy produc s a d do our busi ess. Work, social life, poli ics – he elecomms are comi g everywhere, bri gi g freedom, equali y a d produc ivi y. ow I will ry o go deeper i o hese spheres. Si ce he e d of XIX ce ury, whe Marx wro e his famous book, &quo ;Capi al&quo ;, he eco omic mea i g of work has cha ged drama ically. For Marx labour was o hi g more bu a o her resource like capi al or la d. I XX ce ury ma ager shows a bi more respec o employees. hey are ow i dividuals, who eed o develop hemselves a d should be rea ed a d mo iva ed i righ way. XX ce ury brough us a ew idea: workers are paid for heir ime. La er, i mid-six ies, i was hough ha compa ies pay heir employees for heir skills a d perso al quali ies. Amo g hose quali ies were crea ivi y, compa y loyal y. For hose compa ies ha eve ually swi ched o ew sys em, i became very difficul o properly measure worker's co ribu io o compa y's resul s. hese compa ies ry o i crease workers morale, mo iva e hem, because i is evide : if workers do ' wa o work, hey wo ' work. Or a leas , he resul s will be ex remely poor. ha 's why i addi io o mo iva io by mo ey, ma agers ry o crea e a feeli g of mu ual rus , belo gi g o compa y a d commo i eres s. Wha ew bri gs elework o his field? Firs i is ease of co rol a d measureme . Resul s i elec ro ic form ca be easily archived, a alysed by compu ers, forwarded for checki g a d copied. ex , all i forma io abou ime a d effor s spe is available. A o her hi g is ha fixed ime-based salaries are go e. he compa y will o lo ger care so abou who a d how much spe o a ask. his will become a ques io of perso al choice. ow everyo e will be give a freedom o decide whe her o work or o have a res . his ca differe ia e workaholics from ordi ary lazy people. Righ ow here are same rules for everybody. Rarely a compa y wa s o have a lo of par - ime workers. We ca o imagi e a worker comi g o fac ory whe he is i he righ mood. Bu wi h dis a jobs you ca have workers swi chi g every ow a d he . We ca eve dream abou perfec labour marke place wi h co rac s sig ed elec ro ically for several hours. he psychological problems of swi chi g jobs will be mi imised. he re ireme will o lo ger mea break of social rela io s, because hey are ' based o physical prese ce i he compa y HQ or a he fac ory. his sys em of perso al freedom have he po e ial o eradica e u employme by allowi g real- ime commu ica io s a d ego ia io be wee employers a d employees, leadi g o equilibrium labor price. If you ca measure he resul of a office work, you ca evalua e if i wor h payi g he mo ey for resul you ge .

Or he jobs are comple ely useless a d i effec ive. his ca lead o boos i produc ivi y. I elework usually people are paid for resul s, o for ime. his mo iva es hem o ge be er resul s, hus i creasi g produc ivi y agai ! O he o her ha d, regardless of employee's resul s, he compa y always ge s wha if pays for! Combi ed effor s of e people ca cos he same for he compa y if hey have he same effec . A d ow oge her wi h perfec labour marke we come o wha Marx was alki g abou – labour is jus he same as machi es or la d. he mo iva io is he problem of he perso himself! A d wi h a freedom of work choice mo iva io is o he problem. Wi h elework o e ca easily apply for he job he likes a d he compa y ca review all ca dida es jus compari g he resul s of heir work. ha ks o he effor s of ma y people all over he world he e commerce a d work is s ill o limi ed as heir off-li e cou erpar s. Zero axes a rac more a d more of he rade ur over. he S ock Excha ge a d Curre cy Excha ge sys ems already i culca ed i he elecommu ica io world. Wi h decreased ra sac io cos s, developme of elecommu ica io s a d compu ers he efficie cy of hese fi a cial spheres is quickly i creasi g. Elec ro ic auc io s have already came o reali y. O AOL m auc io s here are 600 000 bids i differe ca egories ow. Surplus direc m a d e s o her elec ro ic auc io s are ow i he I er e . his is a dream of classic eco omis s – perfec marke wi h all releva i forma io freely available. Wi h co i uous decrease i ra spor a io cos s his ca make every marke global a d make compe i io perfec , s oppi g he mo opolies. O e example is Microsof m. Ca we imagi e ha i will o succeed i s oppi g al er a ive OSes a d browsers several years ago, wi hou I er e ? Free commu ica io s grea ly i crease he compe i ive ess of a y produc . Mos o -li e shops ca offer lower prices for all produc s ha heir off-li e colleagues ca . Dis a work makes sexual a d race discrimi a io very difficul a d almos impossible. How ca you behave badly oward your colleague if you o ly read his e-mails? How he program wri e by Chi ese is worse ha he o e wri e by Fre ch? A d all harassme will be logged, docume ed a d backed up o a ape drive o be used i he Cour . Also i will provide ew u ique oppor u i ies for u able people. obody will k ew abou his i abili ies a d obody will keep him away from he job. Bu he problem wi h resul s measuri g s ill remai s. How ca we rai ma agers a d cha ge heir mi ds i order o deal wi h elework? Wha I hi k is ha all i er al rela io s eed o be buil o a comple ely ew basis. he basis of mu ual respec a d rus . How ca &quo ;whi e collars&quo ; remai superior over a worker if hey are commu ica i g over he compu er e work? How superiori y ca survive i he e viro me where bo h worker a d ma ager have he same access o i forma io ? I am sure his is impossible wi hou perso al pressure of ma agers. So, his will surely lead o a democra isa io i he work. ex problem is ha elework is ' as u iversal as we wa . I is ' possible for a y job: for example, you wo ' agree wi h a dis a drivi g of your axi i rush hour. he co rol is ecessary whe huma lives depe ds o he worker.

A d u il we are o sure ha commu ica io s will be 100% error free, we ca o avoid physical prese ce of worker. A example is dis a co rol of a aircraf . Moder aircraf s ca ake off a d la d wi hou a ybody o board, bu huma pilo s should be available for emerge cy case. Several pilo s i he airpor could work for e s of aircraf s, helpi g hem o ake off a d la d safely, he givi g several hours of direc fligh o a machi e. Bu he s orm ca ermi a e he commu ica io s a d lead o huma dea hs i o -co rollable pla e. his shows us how careful we eed o be wi h a ew power ha compu ers a d commu ica io s give us. I some areas we ca ' cope wi hou live huma bei g, bu he si ua io cha ges. Righ ow he ech ologies are available ha ca cha ge he whole global eco omy. I mea elesales. his i cludes all V prese a io s, o -li e s ores, direc maili g. here was a bad idea of payi g oo much a e io o a cus omer. I he shop here is always a sales ma ager, available for ques io s, bu mos ime doi g o hi g. A d he ca o ew every hi g abou all he produc s he is supposed o sale. he si ua io is differe i a moder o -li e s ore. All he i forma io abou he produc is available i clear form. his ca be a mul imedia prese a io , a char , able or jus a plai ex . If addi io al i forma io is ecessary, he he cus omer ca i i ia e cha sessio wi h a compe e perso , or ask for a e-mail respo se. Mi imised cos s. Maximised co ve ie ce. O her spheres of physical prese ce are special services, i cludi g police a d ambula ce, rescuers a d fire-figh ers. All hese jobs require a rai ed s ro g a d hardy perso , physically prese i g o he place. ex problem is socialisi g. As we k ow, work is o e of he mos impor a places oge her wi h family a d school, where socialisi g goes. I some cou ries his is he mai place of social i erac io a d he resul work i self plays o ly seco dary role. he co ac is much more impor a . I cou ries wi h s ro g radi io s of corpora ivism his is especially impor a . he perso will be o able o ide ify himself wi h appropria e social group. A o her problem is qui e specific, bu is ' less serious. Some America physicia s believe ha obesi y is a ki d of epidemic i he US! Imagi e wha ca happe wi h America s if elecommu ica io will replace co ve io al lifes yle. elecommu ica io s will make high-quali y educa io accessible for everybody. he cos s for givi g a vir ual lec ure o o e s ude a d o e housa d of s ude s are equal. his u imagi able scale eco omy (a d as a resul – margi al cos s of zero) will grea ly i crease educa io al level. he s a dards will be almos he same i all cou ries hus maki g he workers worldwide more i ercha geable. his will back up he globalisa io e de cy. A d s ro g arisi g compe i io from ewly educa ed people of hird world will i crease he desire o s udy amo g America a d Europea s ude s. o sum i up, I believe ha ex mille ium will bri g us o ew horizo s of social, poli ical a d eco omical i erac io i he vir ual world of moder elecommu ica i g. his ool offers us o o ly hope for eco omic prosperi y bu also a possibili y o par icipa e more i he commu i y ac ivi ies a d decisio -maki g i he poli ical sys em.

But it turned out they were going to make it into a comedy with Lily Tomlin and I wasn't going to write it anyway. John Landis was going to direct it at the time and he wanted all the science-fantasy people out here to play minor parts in the film. He wanted me to play a pharmacist who . . . won't give a prescription to Lily Tomlin who is so small at the time that she is sitting on the shoulder of an intelligent gorilla (shows you how they changed the original idea). I demurred. As a matter of fact, the opening of the script is almost like my original one to the point of actual dialogue. Later, it deviates wildly . . . . "I don't think the book means anything to me at this time. None of my work does from this distant past. I think I prefer I Am Legend if I had to choose but they are both too far from me to have any significance in particular . . . . Accordingly, I wouldn't change anything about The Shrinking Man. It is a part of my history. I have no reason to change it, only to look at it without much interest and be pleased at whatever stir it made

1. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

2. Changes and specimens of the English language

3. The life and work of the self-employed socialist intellectual, Humphrey McQueen

4. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”

5. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

6. The Church of England
The Church of England
7. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements
On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements
8. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

9. The Castles of England

10. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

11. The Tower of London

12. The Economy of Great Britain

13. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

14. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

15. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

16. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

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17. The Hero of Our Time

18. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

19. The house of my dream

20. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

21. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

22. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
23. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”
24. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

25. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

26. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

27. The profile of an effective manager

28. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

29. The Taming of the Shrew

30. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

31. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

32. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)

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33. London - the capital of Great Britain

34. Review of Bill Gates’s book ”Business @ the Speed of Thought”

35. The uniqueness of the British

36. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

37. The library of our institute

38. The lesson of English
The lesson of English
39. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements
Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements
40. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?
Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

41. Washington is the capital of the USA

42. The pride of the nation

43. The constitution of Ukraine

44. The history of Christmas

45. Bosch, Hieronymus: The Temptation of St Anthony

46. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

47. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

48. The House of Yorks

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Раздел: Держатели и подставки

49. The declaration of independence

50. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

51. The war of the roses

52. The Feather of Finist the Falcon

53. Is the nature of quantum chaos classical?

54. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
55. The history of Ancient Egypt
The history of Ancient Egypt
56. The Formation of Youth Subcultures
The Formation of Youth Subcultures

57. The Restoration and After: The Tower and the Office of Ordnance

58. The Taming of the Shrew

59. The map of England

60. The history of Manhattan

61. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

62. Bilateral relations between countries and the complexity of newspaper editorials

63. The role of deuterium in molecular evolution

64. Communication The Exchange of Information

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65. Multiple Intelligences in the structure of a new English syllabus for secondary school

66. Stylistic analysis of the part of the novel "Rebecca" by Daphne Du Maurier

67. The development of sustainable tourism in Turkey

68. The explaining of the meaning of neologism

69. The history of Germany and tourism

70. The history of grammatical study of the English language
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71. The Infinitive Constructions and The Ways of Their Using
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72. The marking of the Russian Revolution
The marking of the Russian Revolution

73. The origins of the International Socialists

74. The Participation of American and British Youth in Political Life of Their Countries.

75. The place of “Macbeth” among Shakespeare’s tragedies

76. The problems of oral translation

77. The Science Of Grammar

78. The system of English verbs

79. What strategy are most effective in the conditions of globalization

80. The Architecture of Ancient Rome

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81. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

82. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

83. The Radicalism of the American Revolution

84. The collection of French art in the Hermitage

85. Advertising in the world of art

86. The models of atom’s nucleus and table of elements.
87. The working day of an engineer
The working day of an engineer
88. How "DNA" testing works Анализ "ДНК" как проверяющие работы)

89. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

90. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

91. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

92. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

93. How "DNA" testing works Анализ "ДНК" как проверяющие работы)

94. Regulation in telecommunications industries: Why, What and How to Regulate?

95. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)

96. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

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97. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

98. How do I like unusual methods of teaching? (DEAD POETS SOCIETY)

99. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

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