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Blus Alexa der – 32 groupKiev 2002 he U i ed S a es of America is a very diverse cou ry. I s a ure, clima e, popula io varies from he Eas Coas o he wes , from he or her border o he sou her . I is a mul icul ural a d mul iracial cou ry. hough i s his ory da es back o ly o he 15 h ce ury despi e he Europea cou ries, i s ci ies a d ow s have so ma y peculiar fea ures ha i is very i eres i g for us o have a “ our” arou d he USA maki g shor s op a he bigges ci ies of he USA. Amo g he USA’s bigges ci ies are ew York Ci y, Los A geles, Chicago, Hous o , a d Philadelphia. he cou ry’s mos impor a ci y is i s capi al – Washi g o , D.C. Wi h i s Gra d eoclassical buildi g a d i s ree-li ed ave ues, Washi g o , D.C. s rikes he visi or as a lovely a d formal ci y. Washi g o was ’ always his way. O Sep ember 8, 1664, Bri ish roops occupied ew Ams erdam wi hou resis a ce, over hrew he Du ch gover me , a d called he place ew York. Seve years la er he Du ch recap ured he ci y a d called i ew Ora ge, bu i 1674 he ci y was i he ha ds of he Bri ish agai who re ur ed he ame ew York. I America here are a lo of large ci ies bu I wa o ell abou Chicago. Chicago is he hird-larges ci y i he U i ed S a es a d o e of he cou ry’s leadi g i dus rial, commercial, fi a cial, a d ra spor ce er. I ex e ds some 47 km (29 mi) alo g he sou hwes er shore of Lake Michiga , occupyi g fla la d raversed by wo shor rivers: he Chicago River a d he Calume River. he ci y’s rapid grow h was due i large par o i s loca io , wi h ready access o marke s a d raw ma erials; i has he world’s busies airpor , Chicago-O’Hare I er a io al Airpor . Aided by a excelle dis ribu io e work, Chicago is America’s mos impor a rail a d haulage ce er a d is a sig ifica por ha dli g bo h domes ic a d i er a io al rade. Grea Lakes freigh ers a d river barges deliver bulk commodi ies such as iro ore, coal, chemicals, oil, a d grai . he Chicago me ropoli a area has he highes umber of ma ufac uri g employees i he U i ed S a es. Ci y’s larges employers is he elec rical goods i dus ry, followed by he s eel, machi ery, fabrica ed me als, foods, pri i g a d publishi g, chemicals, a d ra spor equipme i dus ries. he Chicago Board of rade a d he Chicago Merca ile Excha ge are amo g he world’s larges commodi y marke s. he ci y is a leadi g co ve io ce er wi h ex e sive ho el facili ies, i cludi g McCormick. Chicago has o e of he world’s mos beau iful lakefro s. he world’s firs skyscraper was co s ruc ed i Chicago, i 1885, spaw i g he i ova ive Chicago School of archi ec ure. he ce ral par of he ci y has several of he world’s alles buildi gs, i cludi g he Sears ower, which a 110 s oreys high is he alles i he U i ed S a es. Co s ruc io of all office buildi gs co i ues. Chicago is a major ce er of higher educa io , wi h umerous colleges a d u iversi ies. he pres igious U iversi y of Chicago (1890) was he si e i 1942 of he world’s firs co rolled uclear chai reac io .
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