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Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

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he Bush admi is ra io s a es ha give he growi g ballis ic missile i dus ry i o her cou ries a d he curre poli ical role of he U i ed S a es i he world, a d especially af er he a acks of Sep ember 11, 2001, he U i ed S a es gover me has o prepare i self for a acks of a y ki d. he claim is ha he buildi g of a a io al Missile Defe se will provide more securi y o he people of he U i ed S a es, a d will i fac e sure he safe y of every ci ize of he U i ed S a es wi hi i s erri ory (Ha dberg 13). Bu he propo e s forge o ake i o accou he dire co seque ces of buildi g such a horre dous space weapo s sys em. Si ce he begi i g of he uclear age, bo h he U i ed S a es a d he Sovie U io have bee searchi g for effec ive ways o defe d hemselves agai s uclear a ack. I he early 1960’s, he Sovie U io ’s superiori y of i ve io i lo g-ra ge ballis ic missiles forced he U i ed S a es o reevalua e i s air-defe se sys em. his uclear race was a major face of he cold war be wee he U i ed S a es a d he Sovie U io . he cold war was s ill fully ac ive whe preside Ro ald Reaga proposed he buildi g of a io al Missile Defe se Sys em. Origi ally, his pla called for developme of a space based weapo s sys em ha could de ec a d des roy ballis ic missiles of a y ki d, lau ched agai s he U i ed S a es from a y dis a ce, wi hou causi g harm o he people or he e viro me of he U i ed S a es. (Rip 3) Curre ly, cha ces of he U i ed S a es bei g a acked by ballis ic missiles of lo g ra ge are very low, or do o exis a all (Ellis 1). Eve hough he U i ed S a es gover me suspec s ha cou ries like or h Korea a d Ira or for ha ma er a y Islamic s a e, may lau ch such a a ack, hese cou ries are o i possessio of weapo s of mass des ruc io wi h capabili ies of harmi g he U i ed S a es. I he book by A ho y Cordesma called S ra egic hrea s a d a io al Missile Defe ses: Defe di g he U.S. Homela d he s a es “ o prolifera s a e curre ly has he abili y o s rike he U i ed S a es wi h ballis ic missiles. If hrea s do emerge, US co ve io al superiori y or, if ecessary, offe sive uclear forces will de er a acks o he U i ed S a es” (Cordesma 87). Up o his day Iraq was o he op lis of ‘po e ial uclear hrea ’ o he U i ed S a es. he Bush admi is ra io publicly a ou ced ha hey had evide ce of Iraq’s possessio of weapo s of mass des ruc io . Wi h ha promise ma y soldiers were herded dow here o ly o fi d hese uclear weapo s a d free he people of Iraq a d secure he U i ed S a es. As i ur ed ou , his was o he case. I fac weapo s of des ruc io of a y ki d, were o prese i he erri ory of Iraq. Bu as he search for “imagi ed” ukes we o , so did he dea h oll kep goi g up. his of course bri gs ou a excelle ques io . Maybe, jus maybe sources o her ha he Ce ral I ellige ce Age cy are correc i sayi g ha “curre ly here o cou ry is capable of s riki g he US wi h ballis ic missiles.” he au hor of he Missile Defe se Co roversies, Ear es Ya arealla pu s i bes he US’s role as ul ima e judge, as he followi g: he U i ed S a es sees i self as a redemp ive force wi h a God-give respo sibili y o roo ou evil a d spread good ess hroughou he world ei her by shi i g moral example or, whe ecessary, by he swif a d sure mili ary sword of jus ice”(Ya arealla).

Of course hese assump io s do leave o e o ques io he ecessi y of such ex reme measures. Al hough he US gover me is i sis i g o buildi g his missile defe se sys em, he Pe ago has ’ horoughly es ed he sys em. Seve es s of hi i g a airbor e arge were co duc ed. he Pe ago s a es ha all seve were successful, a d ha he US gover me is ready o s ar his projec . Bu a professor a he Massachuse s I s i u e of ech ology, heodore A. Pos ol, i his ar icle “Why Missile Defe se Wo ’ Work” explai s how he es s were co duc ed, a d how hey were i fac u successful. I his de ailed ar icle, he clearly explai s ha i he firs wo es s, he sys em failed o dis i guish be wee he arge warhead a d a se of decoys ha were shaped like warheads. Moder uclear missiles all lau ch mul iple decoys alo g wi h o e or more warheads. Af er his failure i he firs wo es s, he mul iple realis ically-shaped decoys were replaced by a si gle large balloo -shaped decoy i all of he la er es s. I order o make he es s appear successful, he u ide ifiable decoys were removed from he es field. Dr. Pos ol s a es: “All he problema ic shor falls i he defe se sys em discovered i he firs wo experime s have bee removed hrough he pai s aki g desig i g of a se of decoys ha would ever used by a y adversary, bu would make i possible o dis i guish warheads from decoys i fligh es ” (Ya arella 86). his of course does o s op he Bush admi is ra io from buildi g his sys em. he admi is ra io i sis s o pursui g his u il hey ge he resul s hey eed. Give e ough ime a d mo ey his sys em will work. his projec is give he op priori y a d i has u limi ed budge (GPO par11). A o her co roversial issue abou he a io al Missile Defe se sys em is he cos o he America public. I his book David Mul imer called ‘ he Weapo s S a e: Prolifera io a d he Frami g of Securi y ‘ says ha : “Effec ive missile defe ses are difficul o build – o he leas because America’s adversaries have every i ce ive o fi d ways o defea hem – a d ha he i ves me of billio s would produce o ly a high- ech sieve.” his projec will be he si gle mos expe sive projec i he his ory of he U i ed S a es. he Chairma of he Missile Defe se Program a d he AMB rea y Commi ee, Se a or Joseph R. Bide , es ima es he cos o be be wee six y billio a d o e hu dred billio dollars (2). A d perhaps he price migh go up o half a rillio dollars, depe di g o he exac sys em ha he US gover me develops (GPO 15). his amou will mea more axes from every ci ize . I s ead of spe di g his amou of mo ey buildi g he a io al Missile Defe se sys em, he US gover me would be be er served payi g off he a io al deb o i s ci ize s. As we all k ow he rece a acks of Sep ember 11 were ’ uclear; hey were realized by usi g civilia airpla es as a weapo . hese a acks claimed more ha hree housa ds lives. Co sideri g he u availabili y of uclear weapo s a prese , hese ki ds of a acks are more likely o occur ha uclear a acks. Wi h his o io i mi d, he US gover me will be be er of focusi g i s a e io , a d mo ey o i creasi g securi y a airpor s, malls, or o her public places.

More a e io should be paid o wa er reserves, or campuses. O e of more serious co seque ce of buildi g he a io al Missile Defe se is ha i would be a viola io of he A iballis ic Missile rea y of 1972, sig ed be wee he Sovie U io a d he U i ed S a es as a way o co rol he da ger of uclear war. he rea y ba s he buildi g of weapo s of such capaci y ( ordee 226). he US gover me ca s ar his projec o ly wi h he co se of Russia, a d he Russia preside did ’ give i s approval for he viola io of his rea y. he Bush admi is ra io did viola e his rea y i 2002. he Us gover me has o remember ha , eve af er he collapse of he Sovie U io , Russia s ill is i possessio of all of i s uclear arse al. his viola io mea s ha ow he Russia Federa io has all righ o s ar developi g cou er measure so ha he U i ed S a es defe se sys em could be pe e ra ed. he viola io of his rea y also mea s ha he Russia Federa io is allowed o help a y cou ry i he developme of i s uclear weapo s. Already, Russia is helpi g Ira i developi g i s uclear facili ies, a d as we k ow Ira is o e of po e ial hrea s o he US. he viola io of his rea y pu s o res rai s o Russia’s assis a ce o a y cou ry willi g o build uclear weapo s. here are ma y cou ries willi g o develop such facili ies for offe sive or defe sive purposes, a d hey are willi g o pay ha dsome amou for such assis a ce. Of course his has o s ar ed as of ye , bu surely implica io s are here. A prese he o ly s a e ha has he power o lau ch weapo s of mass des ruc io agai s he U i ed S a es is Russia. Dea Rusk, Secre ary of S a e i 1984 s a ed, “I would be foolish i he ex reme o suppose ha we could ob ai a y sig ifica or las i g adva age over he Sovie s i space weapo ry” (Cordesma ). Al hough he Russia of oday is o he same as he Sovie U io of 1984, i is s ill very powerful i he field of uclear weapo s. he viola io of his rea y would grea ly e courage Russia o upgrade i s weapo s. A upgrade of uclear weapo s by Russia could rigger a o her da gerous arm race, which would lead o Cold War o ce agai . he au hor of ‘Defe di g America’ James Li dsay s a es ha : “Mos cou ries, i cludi g ma y of America’s closes allies, war ha missile defe se will rigger a arms race jeopardize hree decades of arms co rol effor s.” Everybody remembers how dreadful hose imes were. he i fusio of co s a fear a d a xie y o peoples’ mi ds were beyo d wha words could express. Bu i he abse ce of a a io al Missile Defe se sys em, Russia is curre ly willi g o decrease i s produc io of uclear weapo s (Ellis 89). hese s a is ics show he superiori y of Russia i uclear weapo s. I would be a good move by he U i ed S a es o do he same. I fac , hese wo a io s could coopera e i figh i g agai s he u co ve io al produc io of uclear weapo s by o her s a es. he s a is ics i he book called ‘S ra egic hrea s a d a io al Missile Defe ses’ by A ho y Cordesma show ha he US posses 33,500 uclear weapo s, a d Russia posses 62,500 uclear weapo s. If he U i ed S a es agreed o uclear arm reduc io , he his move would reduce he risk of he U i ed S a es bei g a acked by weapo s of mass des ruc io .

DoD Acquisition and Logistics Excellence Week Kickoff Bureaucracy to Battlefield. Speech made at the Pentagon. 2001. September 10, www.defenselink.mil. 11 Skorneck С. Senate Committee Approves New Base Closings, Cuts $1.3 Billion from Missile Defense // Associated Press. 2001. September 7; Rumsfeld D.H. DoD Acquisition and Logistics Excellence Week Kickoff. 12 Неттег В., Mclntyre J. Defense Secretary Declares War on the Pentagon's Bureaucracy // CNN Evening News. 2001. September 10. 13 Rumsfeld D. Tribute to Milton Friedman // Washington, DC. 2002. May 9, www.defenselink.mil; Friedman M., Friedman R.D. Two Lucky People, p. 345. 14 Friedman М., Friedman R.D. Two Lucky People, p. 391. 15 Gruber W. Rumsfeld Reflects on Politics, Business // Chicago Tribune. 1993. October 20; Hedges St.J. Winter Comes for a Beltway Lion // Chicago Tribune. 2006. November 12. 16 Schneider G. Rumsfeld Shunning Weapons Decisions // Washington Post 2001. August 24; Cockburn A. Rumsfeld: His Rise, Fall, and Catastrophic Legacy. New York: Scribner, 2007. Pp. 89-90; Ramesh R

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