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European Union

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a evik Zohrabya Agribusi ess eachi g Ce er I er a io al rade Fall 2002 Europea U io (EU) Abs rac his paper is abou he EU, i s major policies, he key objec ives, legisla io s, i s rume s for impleme i g hose policies, who he members are, a d he i s i u io s i volved i he impleme a io of he rade goals. Key word: Europea U io ; Missio of he EU. I roduc io he es ablishme of he EU i e ded o work oward commo goals of Europea cou ries. his free rade zo e or eco omic commu i y was a d is very successful which seeks special purposes such as poli ical dialogue, free rade a d freedom of moveme , eco omic, fi a cial, a d cul ural coopera io . Special a e io was focused o he rade laws, regula io s, a d o her issues (Ko ler, 1999, p. 371). he key objec ives are o keep marke ope , e sure fair rade, e force he legisla io objec ively a d ra spare ly, e sure rade par ers respec W O legisla io , a d promo e improveme s o he sys em (Europea U io ). he EU provides sovereig y o i s Members o ac as i depe de o es o behalf of he EU or i o her words o welfare a d i eres of he U io as a whole (Europea U io ). he i egra io of he EU af er 2 d World War e abled he EU is o raise s a dards of livi g, build a i er al marke , lau ch he commo curre cy - euro, s re g he he U io ’s voice i he world. o realize hese goals he EU has bee impleme i g several rade defe se i s rume s: A i – dumpi g policy A i – subsidy policy Regula io o rade barriers Pro ec ive measures. he EU eve uses a commo curre cy, he euro mo e ary sys em which e d o make he rade zo e more effec ive a d compa ible i he i er a io al marke (Europea U io ). he EU has such a s ruc ure ha here are 5 i s i u io s a d each of hem is respo sible for a respec ive objec ive (Europea U io ). oday he EU is o e of he i flue ial a d larges rade blocs or si gle marke s ha i cludes 15 member cou ries. hose 15 member cou ries o ally have more ha 370 millio co sumers a d accou for 20% of he world’s expor s. he EU is goi g o e large a d accep 13 Europea cou ries. he EU also i e ded o improve he rela io s wi h o -member cou ries a d for his purpose i pla ed o develop special policies o rade wi h o member cou ries (Ko ler, 1999, p. 371). owadays, he EU is o he 5 h place ahead of he US a d Japa . he EU is he leadi g player i i er a io al marke (Europea U io ). Europea U io he Europea U io (EU) was es ablished af er 2 d World War. Fra ce officially u der ook he es ablishme of he EU proposi g o crea e “ he firs co cre e fou da io of a Europea federa io ”. O May 9, 1950 he EU was crea ed a d i i ially six Europea cou ries joi o he EU: Belgium, Germa y, Fra ce, I aly, Luxemburg, a d he e herla ds. he 9 cou ries joi o he EU a d oday he umber of he member cou ries is 15 (la er joi De mark, Irela d, he U i ed Ki gdom, Greece, Spai , Por ugal, Aus ria, Fi la d, a d Swede ) (Europea U io ). he EU oday is prepari g for he accessio of 13 Europea cou ries – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Es o ia, Cyprus, La via, Li hua ia, Hu gary, Mal a, Pola d, Roma ia, Slove ia, Slovakia, a d urkey. I order o joi he EU, hese cou ries eed o fulfill he eco omic a d poli ical requireme s, which i o her erms called “Cope hage cri eria”.

hose requireme s are mai ly rela ed o he followi g: Member cou ries mus be a s able democracy, respec i g huma righ s, he rule of law, a d he pro ec io of mi ori ies; Member cou ries mus have a fu c io i g marke eco omy; Member cou ries adop he commo rules, s a dards a d policies ha make up he body of EU law. As hese cou ries have o ye fulfilled all he requireme s, hey eed fi a cial resources or i o her words hey eed mo ey. he EU assis s hose cou ries providi g fi a cial resources o hose cou ries he EU provides sovereig y o i s Members o ac as i depe de o es o behalf of he EU or i o her words o welfare a d i eres of he U io as a whole (Europea U io ). All of hese cou ries will i egra e i order o realize he pri cipal objec ives of he EU. hose objec ives are: Es ablish Europea ci ize ship E sure freedom, securi y a d jus ice Promo e eco omic a d social progress Asser Europe’s role i he world. 5 i s i u io s impleme all of hese objec ives: Europea Parliame (EP) – his represe s he will of 374 millio Europea ci ize s’ a d assembles pa -Europea poli ical groups ha opera e i Member s a es. he overall ask of he EP is o make a d adop he laws wi h Cou cil, o adop he budge a he e d, a d co rol/supervise all i s i u io s. I is elec ed every five year. Cou cil of he Europea U io – his is he mos i flue ial i s i u io i decisio maki g process. he mai fu c io s of his i s i u io is o exercise he issues rela ed o he legisla io , o sugges a d mo i or he i er a io al agreeme s, impleme i g foreig a d securi y policy, mo i or he budge of he EU wi h he EP a d fi ally o coordi a e he ac iva es of he Member S a es. Europea Commissio (EC) – EC play he leadi g force i he U io ’s i s i u io al sys em. I is mai ly respo sible for crea i g he i i ial ou li e of legisla io , impleme i g he legisla io o assure ha law is proper y applied, a d represe i g he EU i i er a io al scope a d sig i g rade a d coopera io agreeme s. Cour of Jus ice – his i s i u io is respo sible o ly he issues rela ed o he jus ifica io . I jus ifies he dispu es ha arise amo g Member S a es, EU i s i u io s, busi esses, a d i dividuals. hey check whe her laws are i he accorda ce wi h he jus ice or o . Cour of Audi ors – I s major fu c io is o check whe her all he U io ’s reve ues a d expe di ures are goi g i a regular ma er, accordi g o he EU budge . oday Europea U io is he leader i he i er a io al rade a d wi h i s member cou ries i makes up he fif h of he world rade. he EU had 4 rade defe se i s rume s, which e ables he EU o achieve i s objec ive rela ed wi h eco omic a d social progress. Also his will lead he asser io of he EU’s role i he world. hose i s rume s are he followi gs: A i-dumpi g policy, which had he mea i g of aki g s eps o s op he process which e ables he expor ers o bri g goods a such a price which is lower compare wi h he prices of he goods i he domes ic marke . A i-subsidy policy ha i e ded o res ric or fully elimi a e he impor s of hose goods ha i he hird cou ry of origi had low prices. hose prices are ar ificially kep low by public subsidies. Regula io s o rade barriers – above me io ed policies resul ed rei s a i g emporary cus om du ies o he impor s ha are i he ques io .

Pro ec ive measures – if he amou of he impor ed goods i creases very rapidly which hur he a io al producers, here should be u der ook pro ec ive measures such as res ric i g he impor s. he EU o make he i egra io more efficie uses hese rade defe se i s rume s. Si ce oday hey achieved s abili y, peace a d eco omic prosperi y. hese resul ed i he raise of livi g s a dards, buildi g a i er al marke , lau ch he euro, a d he s re g he i g he U io ’s voice i he world (Europea U io ). oday he EU has 15 members cou i g more ha 370 millio co sumers, which accou abou 20% of he world expor s. La er o he EU’s missio is o e large a d i clude more a io s. oday here are 13 ca dida e cou ries ha will i crease he umber of Member cou ries o 28, which will have o ally 450 millio co sumers (Ko ler, 1999, p. 371). A icipa ed A alyses a d Co clusio Al hough he EU is he fif h major rade bloc i he world, here are some weak sides he EU should co sider very carefully. A firs he EU has o se special policies co cer i g he rade wi h o member cou ries o avoid or secure from expec ed ou siders’ barriers. I s ead he EU ca e ac such policy ha will deepe he rela io ships wi h o member cou ries. As soo as 13 cou ries e er i o his free rade zo e or bloc, he EU will become more successful a d will i crease expor s o suppor member cou ries’ co sumers. Ye , however much a io s a d regio s i egra e heir radi g policies a d s a dards, each a io s ill has u ique fea ures ha mus be u ders ood. A a io ’s readi ess for differe produc s a d services a d i s a rac ive ess as a marke o foreig firms depe d o i s eco omic, poli ical – legal, a d cul ural e viro me s. he EU became drivi g force i o he i er a io al marke for member cou ries. Such ki d of eco omic commu i ies are eeded o i crease oday’s eco omic grow h a d make cou ries be er off. Список литературы Europea U io . “ rade policy i s rume s”. Brussels. Oc ober 30, 2002. Europea U io . “ he i s i u io s of he u io ”. Brussels. ovember 2, 2002. Europea U io . “E largeme ”. Brussels. ovember 1, 2002. Marke i g Ma ageme , Regio al Free rade Zo e, Chap er 12 Desig i g global marke offeri gs, p. 371, USA, 1999). Ko ler Ph. “Marke i g Ma ageme .” Pre ice-hall, I c. ew Jersey, 1999. ovember 12, 2002.

Но вот тут начинается интересное. Дело в том, что организация Брюссельского Соглашения никуда не делась, НАТО натой, а Брюссель Брюсселем. Мало того, через несколько лет организация выросла и окрепла, в 1954 году Европа приняла в Европу своих блудных дочерей Германию и Италию. После чего организация сменила вывеску и стала называться Западноевропейский Союз (Western European Union, WEU). Тут опять же может возникнуть вопрос а зачем нам немцы? Мы же вроде объединялись против них, зачем они нам тут, а не там? Да вот затем, именно потому, что «здесь вам не тут!» НАТО даёт возможность англичанам иметь фактически оккупационные войска в Германии, бывшую Рейнскую Армию, называемую сегодня British Forces Germany (BFG). Но, как мы уже чуть повыше сказали, НАТО натой и мало ли чего с ней может случиться, там, в конце концов Америка заправляет, но зато принятием Германии в WEU Англия добилась вот чего так как французы смертельно боялись немцев и их Национальное Собрание отказывалось ратифицировать расширение WEU, то англичане «гарантировали», что в целях удержания немецкой милитаристской угрозы они разместят в континетальной Европе четыре дивизии и несколько соединений тактической авиации

1. European Union

2. Stereotypes influences on economic relations between the European Union countries and Russian Federation

3. The Union Jack

4. Proposal of joint european project CHAIN-E

5. Socio-cultural foundations of east-european&Russian geopolitics english

6. Theories of European Integration
Theories of European Integration
7. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism


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