za4eti.ru

, , , ,      

(XXX-IV .)

"", .
. . ,
31
:
, 6x60 .
: 6x60 . : . : .
44
:
"5000 ".
! , ...
60
:

񡴴 ݬ߻ӿѡ ެ-ế 91 ߡ ߫Ѽѡ 󿽿ᵿ " (XXX-IV .)" ٻ ѡ 10- "" ѽٮ .. ѻѽ ѡ ..߬ 1994.ѡ.滿߫ ߻Ѽ.0: ."ԫӿ ӫ", . "Ҭ",1988 ., .1 "󡴴 ӫ"; 1: ǡ , "߬ 󿽿ᵿ", . "߬" 1992 ., I-III ; 2: ..ߴ, "櫬", . "Ҭ",1984 .; 3: ..,..ի-, ӿ "忺 ѽ Ѯ" - "Žԫ,ӿԫѽ", ." " 1993 .; 4: ӫ. ..ӫ߬, "ԫӿ ǡԿ ", . , 1947 .; 5: ߿ .., " .", ., 1972, .68; 6: .ҿ ӪѴ, "ѡ Ѯ "⿻ԫ ӡ", 1953 . 7: Žԫ, "ūԿ ", ߬ ӻ, III, , 1863 ., .284 ; 8: Ӭ ., ءѽ . ߫. 2- ., .20, .193, 555, 643; .23 .92, 643.ӿ ỿ᡿ ߡټ ԫ Ӽᵿ 󽴽 .0. 桫߫ Ѽ . ӿ Ѻ ߡ߫ ӫѡ ӿ ߻᡿ ԫ .  ѫ߻ӿ ᡡټ, ԫ ߫ , 󿽿ᵿ ӫ὿ ߬ ޿ Ѽѡ: ߡ II . .. ԫӿ I . .. ūԫ ߯ ԫӿ Ѯ ѵ Ѯ ӿԫ ѽ ޿ ݻտ: 1) ݻ ѡ߬, ӿԫ-ѡ߬, ӵ 󿽿ᵿ 2) ݻ Կ ߡ 󿽿ᵿ. ߬Ѽ ҽ ݻտ. I. XXX-XII . Ἣԡ ᡡ ᡡ߬ ҽ Ӽӫ 3000- 1200 . ẽ ԫ ߬Ӵ ѡ. ӿ, ޿޿ߴ ԡѡѺ ߬ ӫ Ҭѻ ѡ 󴺿 Ѭ , ߼Ӵ ԫѡ. 櫺ѽ Ѵѽ Ѭ ݻտ ӫ ߡ Ԭ ޫ ݬ߻ӿѡ ᡿. 䫽 Ѫ ԼԿ ӫѡ Ѽ ա߬ ᡿, 󫽿޿ ѽѡ ؽ ޿ӫ ߻ѵ὿ӫᡡ Ѽ߽ѡ ӫ. ώ 󬽯Ὣ ԫ ߫Ѽӡү ( 1083) . Ѯ ὿ ᬪ , 󿡵, ӫ ԫ, Ἣӫ ѽѺ ޽ ѽӡ ѽ. 櫺᡿ ߻ ᡿ ӫ, Ҫ XVII- XVI . Ѭ ὿ ݽѬ իӫޫ ὿ ӿѼ ѡ ӫ ѽ. ӫ Խ὿ , Ҫ ԫ . Կ ѽ Խ὿ ᵿ Ӽ ߻ѡ. ⫡ӡ ѽ ᬪ ѽү 񡫼 ѡ ߽ټ Ӽ߬ ӫἿ, ӫ޿ߴ ẽ Ҭ. ӿѡѡ ӡ , ԡ XXIII ., ߻߫Ὣ ߫᡿ ᡿, ӿ ѡ ߿ ѽѬ Դ ԡ. , ߡٮ ߻ Ҫ II . ߫ԫ ߡ 󫺫.

ӿ ѡ, ߻޿ߴ Ӵѡ, ӿѡ ᡬ ԫѡ ԫ. ӿ Ԭ ӿѡ ԫӡ-ӽ ӿ߻߫ѡ. Կѡ ѡӡ ߽ Ѵ ߡ ӿү ߫ᡡ XVI-XII . ӫ ӡ. ߫ѡ ѽ ᡿ 󽿬 ԫ ԫ, ӫѡ ӿ ߫Ҫѡ ᮡ ߿Ѽ ߡѡ ѻԴ ѡ, ƿӿ 1250- . ᬫѡ ա߬ ᡿ ӫ ޿ӫ Ӵ ԡ ѽ߬ ի, ߻ѵ὿ӫᡡ ޡ Ѽ߽ ٽ ߡ ѡ߿ ݬ߬ Կ . ߫ Կѡ ԽὫ . տѬӡ ἴԡ Ӭ ὿ ѡ ѡ ѽү ѡ ᡡѬ߫ տ. Ҽѡ ӿ߬ ӵ XIX-XVI . Ἷ. ᬫ ӡ, ԫ ӿ߬ ӵ ٽ Ҽѡټ ԫѡѼ ᪿԫ Ѽѽ. ꡫ ӫѡ տѬӡ ߽ 󽴯 ӵ ӿ Ѯ. ߡ Ѫ ѡ ӫ - ӫ, ᬪ ԫӴ 񿵿ٮ Ӵ . ġ ߫ԫ Ѯ (ӫ񫼫), (񫼫) ټ Ѯ .  ӫ ٽ ѡ ټ ѡټ ѡἿ ߬ ԫ Ѽ 5-8 . ѡ Խ տѬԫӫ, ߫޿ Ҽѡ ҽ ߬ ӫ, . Ѯ߬ 񫻫 Կѡ ߬. ẫѼ ߫ѡٮ ӫٮ ѽٮ Ѭ ޡ ѡ ѡ һ ᡿. ӫ ӿѡ Ҭ, Ѻ ἡ Ἣ, ӫ߻߿ ѡ ߽Ѯ޿ . ӫԴѡ XX-XII . ӫ Ὣ ߬ ẫ ӫ߻߿. II . .. 񿵿ٮ ѫӿ߬ ӡѡ ӿԴ ٽ 񫻫ѡ Կ ߻὿, Դ ᡡټ ߬ Ἷ үѼ Ѭ. ѮѼ, XIX-XV ., Դ ẫߵ Կ ὿Կ߬ Կ, ߻ӫ ѡ, ԡ ߬ү ҡ. 䫽 ԼԿ, ԫ Ѭԫ ᮫ ߽ Ӭ ѡ 񿵿, Ԭ ӿү ẫ ѡ. ӫ ѡ ӫ߫ ӫ󿽫 ӿ 󡿼᡿ ߬ ѽѬ ѴѽԿ. Դ ӿӫ 󽴯ߴ ԡ ӫ߻߿ ǬӫԿ, ߻ѡ ߬ Ἷ. ߫ѡ ᪡ ѿ ѡ, ԫ ӿ Խ ҽ ؽ XXX-XII . 񿵿 Ѽѡ Ѯ ҽ. ߫ ӫ߿ 󫽴 񫪡 ߽ ѡ ӫ󫺺ѡ ӫ ԫԿ ᡫ ߽Կ ӡѡԿ. ߽ ߬ III . ԡ Ѽ ἴԡ, Ӵ Դ 񫪡 ѡԿ, ԫ XX- XII . ѡ 񫪡 Խߴ ҼѡѼ Ӽ ߫ ӿӫ ᡿ ѬԿ Կ.

߫ѡ ӿѽ 󡿼᡿ ߬ ѡѼ ѽѬ Ѽѡ ế Ѽ ߫Ѯ. ӿ ԫ 񫪡 ὿ ߬ ѽѬ, ߻ӫ ѡ 󫻿߿, ߬ҽ, ԫԿ Կ. ӿѽ, ԫ Ӵ ἴԡ ߬ Կ ѡ ѽѬ. ᡡ Ѭ, ӫ, ի 񿵿 ӡ , 󬽯 ߬Ậ, ߡ, ߡ. ѡѡѼ ѡ ߽ Ὣ ӫ Կ ӫ񡫮 ݺ- ݻ, ӫ߽ Ѵ ӫ Ѽѡ. II . ݻ߬ 񿵿 Ѭ ߽, 󿽿 ӫ߿ -߬ѽ, . Ҫ XVII-XII . ԡ ԫ ᡴ ߬᡿ ߫Ѽѡ ᪡Ѯ޿ ԫӿ߬ ߫Կ. ԫ ѡ ѽὫ ݽ Ѯ ԫӿ, Ҽ޿ ԡ Ӽ ߫᡿ ү ѡӡү 񿵿 ӫԴѡ Կ ߴ ԫ, ٽ ỿ IX-VIII . XIV-XIII . ݻ߬ ߽ ߫ٮ ߬ ߫ 󫿼 ߻ѵټ Ἷ Һ٬ ߻ѡ, Կիӡټ Ẽӫ-Ѭӫ, ޿ӡټ ߫ ԫ ӡ ݻԫ, ѡ ѽ Ӽҽ. ԡ ѼὫ ߻߫Ὣ ӫ ѬԿ󡫼 ӫѡ, ԫ ӫ Ӫ Ѯ ἴԿ. ӫ Կ߬ ᡡ Ѭ ѽү ݻ߬ ݼ "꽿" "Ѵ" - ᯿ߴ ἴԡ ӫ . ݼ ԡߴߴ ԫӿ߬ ᡿ ի Ѯ߬ ߬ ߽ 1240. .. ӫ߬ . ԼԿ, ԫ ݼ ѽ ߫ ݻ Կ߬ ѵ XVIII-XII . 񿡴 ߿ ѡ ẫ, ѡ 񫽯. ߫ ӡ ߬ Ѵ, ٮ ѽѬ ӫ Ѯ , ߼Ӵ ѽѡ , ߴ ѡټ ᡡѮ ѵ ӫү ҽ. ū ѡ , ԡ 񿵿 Ѭ Ѽ Ѽѡ ᡿ ᬪ ӫ ԫӿ߬, ѡὫ߬ ߬ ᡿. ġ ٽ ޿ӫ ԡ ԡ 󻽫 VII-VI ., 󬽯 ߻ӫᡴߴ ԫ ѡ . ƣ ſѡ ߬ ҽ XXII-XII . ᡿ѡү ӫ. ӫ , ѽ ؽ Ѫ ὿ ѽ ӿҡ ỿ߿, ԡ Ҫ ԫӫ III . ٮ ԫ ԫ߬ ѽ Կ. ӿԴ Ѭԫ ᬿ, Ѽ, ߫὿ 󽿴Ѽ ߬ ӫ߬ , 󫺡 IV . ūѻѡ Ӽ ᬫ һӫ὿, ԫ ߽. ᬫ ߽ (Ѯ) , ߽ߴ Ҫ 1700 ., ߴ , ԫӫ ߿ ߴ ᡡټ.

, , . , , . , , , . , . , .. , , , , . , , , ⅻ , , ,

1.

2. ( )

3.

4. .

5. .

6. ,
7.
8.

9. . " "

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

"Bazar", 5, .
. : 5 (130x210 ). : 192. : . : ,
577
:
- , 14.5x93.5 .
? ,
396
:
Moby Kids "Comfort. EVA", : .
Moby Kids "Comfort 108 EVA". ,
4216
:

17.

18.

19.

20.

21. :

22.
23. ( 2000 ..., , - )
24.

25.

26.

27. .

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

, , 30 300 .
. ,
349
:
. .
Black Star : ! :
344
:
" ", , .
, -
494
:

33.

34. ()

35.

36.

37.

38.
39.
40.

41. ( ) ()

42.

43. -

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

"" .
. : 50 .
551
:
- , : , : _0005605-2.
- .
910
:
"", 190x180 .
.
324
:

49.

50.

51.

52.

53. .

54.
55.
56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61. .

62.

63.

64.

"Clip", 50x70 .
: 5070 . : .
359
: 50x60
"", 250 .
. ,
771
:
" ", 28 .
: , , , , 2 , ,
688
:

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.
71.
72.

73.

74.

75.

76.

77.

78. VI-XIII

79.

80.

, 8 , . 11204.
- Lucky. , ? ,
736
:
, 375 70 230 .
70410-375, . .
753
:
, 3, 2500 .
, .. 3. 48
888
: 3

81.

82.

83.

84.

85.

86.
87.
88.

89.

90. XVIII .

91. . 18

92. 19 .

93.

94.

95. , -

96.

, 3 .
: 3 . : 18 . : 11,5 . : 0,5 .
700
: 3
"", , 15x15x14 , . 223016.
- . ,
503
:
STABILO GREENcolors, 12 .
STABILO GREENcolors - , FSC. 100%
414
: 7-12

97.

98. - . -

99.


    za4eti.ru  ,          (,   )?      . ,   -     ,    ,    . 
         ,    ,         10- .      .