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Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

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Co e s I RODUC IO 1 HE RUSSIA -KAZAKHS A RA IOES A HE PRESE S AGE 5 1.1 Mu ual rade 8 1.2 Coopera i g i oil gas a d power 15 1.3 Coopera i g i sphere of ra spor a d commu ica io 18 CO DI IO OF FOREIG RADE BO H DEV’ OF HE JOI / E ERPRISES KAZAKHSA A D RUSSIA 2.1 Some aspec s of eco omic i erac io Kazakhs a a d Russia 22 2.2 he fac ors of eco omic i erac io of Kazakhs a a d Russia 24 2.3 E gagi g he foreig i ves me s 26 2.4 Coopera i g i he field of elec ric power i dus ry 27 2.5 Coopera i g i he field of machi e co s ruc io i dus ry 28 2.6 Coopera i g i he field of a ura ium i dus ry 29 i volveme i i er a io al orga iza io s, kazakhs a a d russia 31 3.1 he Eurasia U io : Reali ies a d Perspec ives 34 4. VI AL PROBLEMS OF HE PRESE -DAY S A E OF 44 KAZAKHS A I-RUSSIA RELA IO S CO CLUSIO 61 LIS OF USED SOURSES 65I RODUC IO he origi s of Kazakhs a i-Russia rela io s lie i hoary a iqui y, whe Kazakhs a d Russia s lived o he vas Eur­asia erri ory a d, bei g eighbors, developed good- eigh­borly rela io s i all he spheres of huma ac ivi y. I a alyzi g he rela io s be wee Rus a d he Grea S eppe, o e ca o fail o me io he work of he grea es specialis i his field, Lev . Gumilyov. I his preface o Gumilyov's book, A cie Rus a d he Grea S eppe, Academi­cia Dmi ry S. Likhachev wro e his: Righ ly aki g i o accou he li ks be wee subsis e ce eco omy a d he level of prosperi y of a cie socie ies, a d hus heir mili ary pow­er, he au hor also compares his orical eve s a d climac ic fluc ua io s of he s eppe zo e of Eurasia. I his way he ar­rived a a series of clarifica io s, which e abled him o describe i de ail he his orical-geographic backdrop agai s which var­ious cul ural i flue ces came i co flic wi h he local forms of he origi al cul ure of Eas er Europe. I mus be o ed i a y a alysis of he emerge ce of he 15 ew, pos -Sovie s a es o he map of Eurasia ha cer ai specific fea ures marked he ge ­esis of each of hem. he prese s udy focuses o he processes of sovereig y of Kazakhs a , a d he specifici y of hese processes lies i ha from he very begi i g he republic's poli ical leadership did o i i ia e ce rifugal e de cies, regardi g reaso able i egra io a impera ive of he imes a d e deavori g o ease as much as possible he des ruc ive co seque ces a every s age i he disi egra io of he Sovie U io . Kazakhs a was he las former Sovie republic o declare i s i depe de ce - o ou of a y s ro g gravi a io oward he pas or peripheral poli ical developme le us recall ha Kazakhs a was o e of he firs o experie ce, i December 1986, he repressive pow­er of o ali aria ism he already wi heri g away bu because i u ders ood ha ar ificial accelera io of his process is fraugh wi h he da ger of serious upheavals. he his ory of umerous bloody e h ic, social, a d eve i ers a e co flic s i he pos -Sovie space bears s riki g evide ce of ha . he immedia e subjec ma er of he prese s udy is o jus he isola ed process of he sovereig y of o e of he pos -Sovie cou ries bu he emerge ce a d developme agai s his backgrou d of ew i ers a e rela io s of wo major re­publics of he Sovie U io , Kazakhs a a d Russia.

I our view, i is rela io s be wee precisely hese wo cou ries ha ca be see as a model for he es ablishme of equal a d mu ually adva ageous be wee ewly i depe de s a es. his view is bor e ou by a sufficie ly smoo h a d pla ed, hough far from problem-free, developme of bila eral Kaza­khs a i-Russia rela io s, a mea i gful his orical radi io of mu ual rela io s, a d a abse ce of sharp ur s or waveri g due o subjec ive or ex er al causes. A o her u ifyi g fac or is ime— he ma y ce uries of he his ory of mu ual rela io s be wee he peoples of he wo cou ries ha have bee eighbors i hese grea ope spaces si ce he begi i g of ime. his far from simple his ory, full of drama a d heroism, hese s ra a of ime bou d oge her by he u remi i g oil of umerous ge era io s, u i e he wo peoples. he Sovie period i he rela io s be wee he wo s a es le us recall ha , accordi g o he 1977 Co s i u io of he USSR, he co s i ue republics of he Sovie U io were declared o be &quo ;sovereig Sovie socialis s a es&quo ; u i ed i he U io of Sovie Socialis Republics a d havi g he righ o e er i o rela io s wi h foreig s a es, co clude rea ies a d excha ge diploma ic represe a ives, a d - heore ically -secede from he USSR was marked by he prevale ce of he so-called co ver ed forms. he ubiqui ous a d all-rou d domi a ce of All-U io s ruc ures made mea i gless all alk of real i ers a e rela io s be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia. Bo h sides were i his case he objec s of a gra diose social experi­me . Al hough posi ive achieveme s of ills period ca o be discarded ei her. he emerge ce a d fur her developme of rela io s of equal par ership be wee ew i depe de s a es, he Repub­lic of Kazakhs a a d he Russia Federa io , became a sor of sy hesis of he e ire ce uries-old his ory of Kazakh-Russia rela io s. O ly ow ca he rela io s be wee he wo cou ries be jus ifiably described as subjec -subjec o es. A his s age, bo h s a es solved such problems as defi i g heir s a us i he sys em of world poli ics, es ablishi g rela io s wi h leadi g world a io s, a d e eri g he field of i er a io al law. he domi a role of Kazakhs a i problems has de er­mi ed he chro ological framework of he i ves iga io . he overall ime frame covers he period from December 1991 he se i g up of he Commo weal h of I depe de S a es, which fi ally marked he disi egra io of he USSR o he e d of 1995. I he four years, bila eral Kazakhs a i - Russia rela­ io s we hrough a series of sig ifica s ages he s udy of which ca adequa ely de ermi e he level of mu ual rela io s be wee he wo cou ries, he scope a d ra ge of i egra io . We si gle ou hree s ages i he developme of Kazakhs a i-Russia rela io s: — Defi i g he legal i ers a e rela io s of he wo cou ­ ries December 1991 - May 1920 — Searchi g for a model of eco omic a d poli ical coop­era io be wee he s a es May 1992 - March 1994 — Expa di g a d deepe i g i egra io be wee Kaza­khs a a d Russia i he eco omic a d o her spheres March 1994 - 1995. Al hough some eleme s of legal co rac ual rela io s be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia may be discovered before De­cember 1991, whe a emp s o preserve he Sovie U io were made, i will be more chro ologically correc , i our view, o choose he mome a which he CIS was legally formed a d he ac ivi y of he U io s ruc ures of au hori y was disco i ued as he s ar i g poi of he s udy.

We propose ha he sig i g i May 1992 of he rea y of frie dship, coopera io , a d mu ual assis a ce be wee he wo cou ries be si gled ou as he co cludi g mome of he firs s age i he rela io s be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia a d a he same ime as he begi i g of he ew s age. ha doc­ume became he fou da io for quali a ively ew rela io s i he his ory of he wo s a es, ope i g he firs page i he official i ers a e rela io s i he ew his ory of Kazakhs a a d Russia. I de ermi ed he pri ciples of bila eral rela io s i he poli ical, eco omic, mili ary-s ra egic, cul ural, a d spir­i ual spheres, le di g a colossal impulse o he e ire subse­que ego ia io process. Duri g he search for a model of i ers a e eco omic a d poli ical coopera io be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia, he pri ­ciples were developed for bila eral rela io s, which were la er recorded i he rea y of frie dship, coopera io , a d mu ual assis a ce. he firs official visi of Preside azarbayev of Kaza­khs a o he Russia Federa io i March 1994 marked he begi i g of he hird s age i he developme of Kazakh­s a i-Russia rela io s - ha of expa di g a d deepe i g i ­ egra io be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia. his divisio of he ime frame of bila eral Kazakhs a i-Russia rela io s i o periods shows ha o e of he goals of he prese work is o demo s ra e co i uous developme be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia i he pos -Sovie period. As he period of poli ical his ory a alyzed here is ex­ remely close o he prese , i ca o be regarded as worked ou i de ail i Russia a d foreig scie ific li era ure. How­ever, he problems of developme of he ew s a ehood of pos -Sovie cou ries of Kazakhs a i his case, of he bir h a d evolu io of i ers a e rela io s, of heir e ry i o he i er a io al commu i y, are bei g s udied ever more ac ively. he crucial period of he disi egra io of he USSR a d he emerge ce o he map of he world of ew, i depe de s a es was primarily reflec ed i scie ific periodicals. Special me io should be made of he collec ive work he ew rea y of U io : he Search for Solu io s. Problems of mu ual rela io s be wee ewly i depe de s a es have also become he subjec s of a e io of Russia exper s a d poli ical scie is s. he period of disi egra io of he USSR a d of he developme of Kazakhs a as a sovereig i depe de s a e are a prese ac ively s udied by Kazakhs a scie is s. Works have bee wri e o he problem of he emerge ce of he ew s a ehood, developme of he sys em of separa io of powers, democra iza io of socie y, evolu io of par y s ruc ures a d i s i u io s of democracy, a d he co s ruc io of a ew legal a d judicial sys em. Prese S a e a d Works o he subjec of bila eral Kazakhs a i-Russia rela io s from he mome he wo s a es achieved i depe ­de ce ca be divided i o several groups. he firs a d he mos umerous o e deal wi h rela io s be wee Kazakhs a a d Russia wi hi he framework of he Commo weal h of I ­depe de S a es. I rece years he developme of marke rela io s has co siderably boos ed i eres for eco omic a d rade cooper­a io be wee he wo i depe de s a es. Me io mus be made of a joi work by he s aff of he Russia I s i u e for S ra egic S udies u der he i le Kazakh­s a : Reali ies a d Perspec ives of I depe de Developme , I should be o ed, hough, ha his work suffers from a obvi­ously i comple e docume ary a d fac ual basis a d a cer ai superficiali y i he a alysis of he problem.

It was an annoyance and a possible threat-all that talk about establishing cultural relations between Russian and Western Jews, about the renewal of Jewish national and cultural life in the Soviet Union, and the brazen proposal that the Crimea become a Jewish republic in place of the failed Birobidzhan. Some claim that the actor Solomon Mikhoels often appeared before Stalin in the Kremlin as ShakespeareБЂ™s King Lear, one of his most brilliant roles. Did he act the part in Russian or Yiddish? The sources do not tell us, but the image of Stalin listening to Mikhoels performing King Lear in Yiddish boggles the mind. Indeed, Volodya doubts that Stalin and Mikhoels ever met and regards as fanciful the various sources that claim otherwise. In any event, it is clear that Stalin had begun to detest the spirited activities of Mikhoels as head of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and his self-assumed position as leader of the Jews, and finally came to regard the actor as a potential enemy. On the night of January 13, 1948, Solomon Mikhoels was on the way back from Minsk, the capital of White Russia, where he had been reviewing plays for government prizes

1. Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

2. Stereotypes influences on economic relations between the European Union countries and Russian Federation

3. Bilateral relations between countries and the complexity of newspaper editorials

4. Uzbekistan-U. S. Economic Relations: Problems and Perspectives

5. Liaison between Board and CEO in Russian Oil Companies

6. Fauvism between 1901 and 1906
Fauvism between 1901 and 1906
7. Grammatical difference between British and American English
Grammatical difference between British and American English
8. Россия и независимые государства (перевод из "Economic and Post-Soviet Economic Structure and Performance")

9. Economic and sociological analysis of suicide

10. Monopolistic competition and economic efficiency (Монополистическая конкуренция и экономическая)

11. Корпоративный имидж (Advertising and public relations)

12. Russia and the international economy

13. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

14. Presents in Russia and America

15. Ecological problems in big cities, particular in Moscow. How can a contradiction between the technological progress and ecology be solved from my point of view?

16. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

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Раздел: Размер 40x50

17. Holidays in Russia, Britain and the USA

18. Economics. Demand, supply, and elasticity

19. Social interaction and social relation. Levels of social interactions

20. Countries and cities

21. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

22. School Reform: Pros and Cons
School Reform: Pros and Cons
23. Pogroms in Azerbaijan and Armenia of 1988-89 As Historical Echo of the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Погромы в Азербайджане и Армении 1988-89 как историческое эхо 1915 Армянского Геноцида)
24. Personnel selection and choice
Personnel selection and choice

25. Small business lending in Kazakhstan (предоставление кредитов малому бизнесу в Казахстане)

26. Aral Sea - What Was and What Is

27. Epistemology and methodology: main trends and ends. (Эпистемология и Методология)

28. Irish and America

29. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

30. Rome and the Roman Empire

31. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)

32. The Irish and Australia

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33. Великобритания - традиции и современность. Личное представление. (UK - Tradition and modernity. A personal view)

34. Nikolaev and Yakutia (Николаев и Якутия)

35. Music and Ballet

36. Punks and Punk Rock

37. Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

38. Urbanization and Urban Issues
Urbanization and Urban Issues
39. The history of Old English and its development
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40. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars
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41. Entertainment outside the home: Pubs and clubs Leisure and sports

42. Russians and Mixed Martial Arts

43. Женщины и курение (Women’s Health and Smoking)

44. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

45. Punks and Punk Rock

46. Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

47. Music and Ballet

48. Continuity and change in Stravinskiy`s ballets. Стравинский и его балеты

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49. Rome and the Roman Empire

50. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

51. Символ и таинство в богословии св. Максима исповедника (symbol and mystery in st.Maximus the confessor)

52. Public Relations

53. Женщины и курение (Women’s Health and Smoking)

54. Poland and Hungary are in Transition
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55. Организация Public Relations
56. A Country Report and Profile - Republic of Uzbekistan
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57. Infant Industry Argument: Theory and Practice

58. Culture of Kazakhstan

59. Blood, sweat and tears

60. "Военные" и "мирные" методы в рекламе и Public Relations

61. Huey Lewis and the News

62. Flotsam And Jetsam

63. Captain Beefheart and his magic band

64. Public relations

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65. Общественное мнение в контексте public relations

66. Сопоставительный анализ public relations и родственных сфер деятельности

67. Public Relations - принципы

68. Организация Public Relations

69. Директ-маркетинг - PR (Public Relations)

70. Правовые нормы и этика Public relations мировой и российский опыт
71. Общественные отношения в контексте public relations
72. Respiration and Respiratory Systems
Respiration and Respiratory Systems

73. The City of London and its role as a financial centre

74. Перевод введения в книгу Й. Шумпетера History of economic analisys

75. TV and Radio

76. Accounting and Finance in AS Diena

77. Government and Politics

78. Формирование имиджа как одна из задач public relations

79. Public Relations

80. A Comparison between Beowulf & Redcrosse Knight

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81. Education in Russia

82. Uranus and Neptune

83. Kazakhstan

84. Climate and nature of Great Britain

85. Education and future profession

86. Advantages and disadvantages of television
Advantages and disadvantages of television
87. Russian Federation (Russia)
Russian Federation (Russia)
88. Problems of city and country life
Problems of city and country life

89. Museums and picture galleries

90. Family relations

91. Decline of ukrainian statehood and culture (1712-1783)

92. Russia

93. Education in Russia

94. Education in Russia

95. Vegetation and wildlife

96. Holidays, Travel and Tourism

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Раздел: Деревянные шнуровки

97. American and British Schools

98. The Weather and Climate Fluctuations

99. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

100. Traditions and customs


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