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Иностранные языки Иностранные языки

The People Trade

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ПОВОЛЖСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЙ СЛУЖБЫ Кафедра иностранных языков. ДОМАШНЕЕ ЧТЕНИЕ Предмет: английский язык тема : “ HE PEOPLE RADE” Выполнил : студент 2-го курса 208 группы очного отделения специальности 0211Чернов Вадим Александрович Проверил: Cалеева Л.П. г. САРАТОВ 2000 Статья из журнала EWSWEEK JULY 3, 2000 : &quo ; HE PEOPLE RADE&quo ;. &quo ; HE PEOPLE RADE&quo ;.Special repor .Europe eeds workers: immigra s wa a be er life. I side he shadowy - a d da gerous - world of huma smuggli g.I dide he cus oms office i Dover, E gla d, a fax machi e chirruped. Ou came a message from he Europea Pa hway, a P&O S e a Li e ferry ha was chur i g across he cha el from Zeebrugge, Belgium. he crew was du ifully aler i g Bri ish au hori ies o a suspicious ruck, a big whi e Mercedes-Be z rac or hauli g a refrigera or u i supposedly filled wi h oma oes. O e of he las o board he ferry, he ruck bore he ame Va Der Spek RA SPOR . he ame of he firm (i would la er emerge ha he compa y was o ly four days old ) riggered misgivi gs - perhaps because i was close, bu o ide ical, o ha of a es ablished Du ch rucki g compa y. he rack, said a Bri ish cus oms spokesma , &quo ;fi he profile of o e ha could be used o smuggle cigare es, drugs or co raba d. I was a hu ch.&quo ; I was jus before mid igh , Su day, Ju e 18, he ho es day of he year, whe he Europea Pa hway pulled i o Doveru der he ci y's la dmark chalk cliffs. Cus oms officials were wai i g for he Mercedes ruck as i ru dled off he ferry. hey old he driver o back i o Bay 9 of he i spec io shed. Ope i g he big doors o he air igh refrigera io co ai er. hey firs came across palle s of cra ed oma oes. Muscli g he oma oes aside, he officers fou d o e body. he hey fou d a o her body, a d he a o her a d a o her. I all, hey fou d 54 dead me , four dead wome a d wo rauma ized me cli gi g o life - all of hem you g Chi ese, probably from Fujia provi ce, who had bee headed o Bri ai i search of jobs. &quo ;I will ever forge he sigh ha gree ed us whe we ope ed he back doors,&quo ; o e of he cus oms i spec ors said, &quo ; here were jus piles a d piles of bodies.&quo ; he calami y i Dover shook o o ly Bri ai , where o hi g o such a scale, had ever happe ed before, bu all of Europe. From he boo of I aly o he bords of orway, immigra s are e eri g Europe i record umbers. Pushed ou of heir ow cou ries by eco omic hardship or poli ical urmoil, hey are draw o Europe's robus prosperi y, especially wi hi he 15 cou ries of he Europea U io . &quo ; here is a s ra egic eque io ha produces a massive push o immigra e,&quo ; says Jea -Claude Ches ais a he a io al i s i u e for Demographic S udies i Paris. Europe is rela ivelly small a d very rich, wi h a popula io ha barely reproduces i self. &quo ;A d all arou d - i he former Sovie bloc, i Asia, i Sou h Asia a d Africa - you have massive pover y, a abse ce of huma righ s a d e ermous popula io pressure, &quo ;says Ches ais. Europea busi ess despera ely eeds foreig labor - a he high a d low e ds of he skills scale. Bu he people of Europe are of e u comfor able wi h foreig workers.

I he eyes of he elec ora e, he li e be wee u docume ed immigra s looki g for jobs a d asylum-seekers looki g for poli ical pro ec io ca become blurred. his is especially rue if he ma who slips i o Bri ai o work illegally i a Soho ki che is likely o apply for asylum if he's caugh ; mos Europe cou ries ha feel prosperous. So las week i Dover grief over he fa e of he Chi ese immigra s mixed wi h a ger abou he umber of people o he ou side who seem o wa i . &quo ; he hospi als are always full of hem a d heir childre ,&quo ; says Jo Kei h, a axi driver. &quo ; hey are cloggi up he sys em. hey jus wa every hi g for free.&quo ; Poli ica s are caugh be wee he dema ds of he bo om li e a d he ballo box. &quo ;We are o i a posi io o be a lifeboa for he whole world,&quo ; says Gwy Prosser, Labour member of Parliame for Dover. I Bri ai , he pressures o he Labour gover me o do some hi ggare mou i g. Las year, he umber of asylum seekers was up 55 perce over 1998, reflec i g a s eep rise i he umber of people ryi g o e er he cou ry illegally. he gover me is respo di g by maki g he lifeboa a li le less comfor able - climi a i g, for i s a ce, such perks as cash be efi s o a ybody applyi g for asylum. I he par icular case of Chi ese migra s, heir umbers are also risi g righ ow for reaso s ha have o hi g o do wi h Europe: he U i ed S a es has cracked dow o illegal Chi ese immigra io , a d Europe is aki g up he slack. he Fre ch experie ce is a case i poi : he umber of Chi ese seeki g asylum i Fra ce i 1999 was double ha of he year before. People-smuggli g e works are he ravel age s of illegal immigra io . heir busi ess is big a d growi g. he e works rafficki g i Chi ese migra s alo e are said o ake i hree billio dollars a year. As he s akes a d umbers rise, so do he risks. Las year 300000 u docume ed immigra s made i do I aly. Ma y died ryi g. So far his year 180 people are k ow o have died i I alia wa ers - of e pushed i o he sea a d lef o drow by smugglers ryi g o ligh e heir boa s o ge away from I alia coas -guard pa rols. Four days before he dea hs a Dover, a Du ch orga iza io , U i ed for I ercul ural Ac io , a ou ced ha more ha 2000 refugees a d migra s have died ryi g o ge o Europe. Perhaps a i cide like he dea h ruck i Dover was i evi able. &quo ;I is rue you would rea your oma oes be er he rea ed hese people,&quo ; says Wim De-Brui , a spokesma for he a io al Public Prosecu or's Office i Ro erdam. &quo ;Bu he differe ce is ha wi h oma oes a d o her goods, you ge paid whe you deliver hem i good co di io .&quo ; A he e d of las week, he bodies fou d i Dover remai ed u ide ified. Bu Bri ish au hori ies believe he Chi ese bega heir jour ey i Fujia 30000 Dollars a head clie s of a ex e sive smuggli g e work ha move hem from home o he E glish Cha el lush coas al provi ce i sou heas Chi a, Fujia is he mai s ar i g poi o Chi a's emigra raik ( box). Fujia is by o mea s Chi a's poores provi ce, bu i se ds a es ima ed 100000 emigra s abroad each year. People call o e ow &quo ;widows' village&quo ; because so ma y me have lef heir wome behi d.

he Pressure o leave Fujia is social as well as eco omic. &quo ;I 's like if you are o a lazy perso , he you should ' be i mai la d Chi a,&quo ; says Ko-Li Chi , a professor a Ru gers U iversi y i he U i ed S a es. &quo ;People will say, &quo ;You're o i your early 20s: why are you s ill here?&quo ; As ews of wha happe ed i Dover reached he provi ce, grievi g spread quickly. Fujia has se so ma y of i s so s a d daugh ers abroad ha obody was sure who had perished or o i he dea h ruck. He Xiaoho g was errified ha her 24 - year old husba d, a d odd job pai er amed Cao Xia xi , was amo g he dead i Dover. O May 10 he lef home for Bri ai , comfor ed by a promise ha o his lo g jour ey he would be &quo ;as safe as a ouris .&quo ; He Xiaoho g was i ears las week as she vowed: &quo ;If my husba d re ur s safely, he'll have o bea me o dea h before I ever le him ravel abroad like his agai .&quo ; he jour ey o he Wes is called &quo ;s eaki g across he wa er.&quo ; I 's made possible by Fujai ese guides k ow as &quo ;s akeheads.&quo ; hey are impor a figures i heir homela d. &quo ;Everybody k ows who he s akeheads are,&quo ; says Che Mei Xi g, a Fijia ese who slipped i o E gla d a few weeks ago. &quo ;He's a busi essma wi h a very hihg s a us.&quo ; Accordi g o USA au hori ies, s akeheads are also par of Chi ese ga gs k ow as riads or o gs. hey Charge as much as 60000 dollars for a rip o he U i ed S a es; half as much for Bri ai . ypically, a dow payme of 5 o 19 perce is made up fro . A migra who uses he s akehead's services ca spe d years repayi g he deb . he Fijia ese who emigra e see he fee as a smar i ves me . I he e d Fujia be efi s oo. Fujia ese migra s pump large sums of mo ey i o he eco omy hey lef behi d. Ci y officials i Cha gle ( popula io : 600000) es ima e ha locals who have go e abroad pu 100 millio dollars back i o he ci y's eco omy each year i remi a ces o heir families a d proper y i ves me s back home. o ha lo g ago he des i a io more of e ha o was America (&quo ; he beau iful cou ry&quo ;). Bu i 1993 a freigh er called he Golde Ve ure ra agrou d off Lo g Isla d, a d 10 Chi ese immigra s drow ed ryi g o swim o shore. he i cide prom ed a series of crackdow s by he U.S. gover me . housa ds of Chi ese s ill migra e o America - earlier his year, hree Fujia ce were fou d dead i a shippi g co ai er i Sea le - bu some of he raffic had shif ed o o her cou ries. I creasi gly, Bri ai seems o be he al er a ive cou ry of choice. he larges Chi ese commu i y i Europe is here. La guage is a impor a draw. Eve hough he gover me is cu i g back be efi s, hey are s ill rela ively ge erous: food vouchers (i s ead of cash) a d housi g ( hough asylum seekers ca o lo ger choose where o live). A o her reaso for he rise i asylum seekers o Bri ai is ha Germa y has igh e ded up i is border co rols. A yo e ca claim asylum i Germa y a d s ay for years while he case goes hrough he cour s. Bu u der a 1994 law Germa au hori ies ca ur away refugees alo g i is border before hey se foo o Germa soil a d have a cha ce o apply for asylum. his has caused he a ual umber of refugees comi g i o Germa y o plu ge from 513000 i 1993 o fewer ha 100000 las year.

We should not trivialize that. We must deal with it and talk about it honestly... Any activity where we can digitize and decompose the value chain, and move the work around, will get moved around. Some people will say, Yes, but you can't serve me a steak.' True, but I can take the reservation for your table sitting anywhere in the world, if the restaurant does not have an operator. We can say, Yes, Mr. Friedman, we can give you a table by the window.' In other words, there are parts of the whole dining-out experience that we can decompose and outsource. If you go back and read the basic economics textbooks, they will tell you: Goods are traded, but services are consumed and produced in the same place. And you cannot export a haircut. But we are coming close to exporting a haircut, the appointment part. What kind of haircut do you want? Which barber do you want? All those things can and will be done by a call center far away.” As we ended our conversation, I asked Rao what he is up to next. He was full of energy

1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

2. The people must fight for their laws as for their walls

3. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present

4. Judaism and the Jewish People

5. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

6. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”
7. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
8. The Economy of Great Britain
The Economy of Great Britain

9. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

10. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

11. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

12. The Church of England

13. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

14. Pogroms in Azerbaijan and Armenia of 1988-89 As Historical Echo of the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Погромы в Азербайджане и Армении 1988-89 как историческое эхо 1915 Армянского Геноцида)

15. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

16. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

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17. The enviromental problems which concern the Mankind

18. Does the crime pay or not ?

19. Higher Education in The U.K.

20. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

21. Rome and the Roman Empire

22. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)
23. The basical macroeconomics indicators
The basical macroeconomics indicators
24. The Castles of England
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25. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society

26. The great Britain

27. The Irish and Australia

28. The Khabarovsk territory

29. The Renaissance

30. The royal family (Королевское семейство)

31. The US Economy after September 11th. Decline or Rapid Growth? (Экономика США после 11-ого сентября. Снижение или Быстрый Рост?)

32. Water World as Another Home for English Nation Reflected in the English Folklore

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33. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

34. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

35. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

36. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

37. The History of English

38. The profile of an effective manager
The profile of an effective manager
39. The Tower of London
The Tower of London
40. The diabetic diet
The diabetic diet

41. The history of Old English and its development

42. The Queen of the UK

43. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

44. The house of my dream

45. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars

46. Entertainment outside the home: Pubs and clubs Leisure and sports

47. Education in the Middle Ages

48. Ways of exploring the world

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Раздел: Игрушки-подвески

49. The role of art in our life

50. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

51. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

52. The Smashing Pumpkins

53. Rome and the Roman Empire

54. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
55. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world
56. The diabetic diet
The diabetic diet

57. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

58. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

59. "The Irish Question" ("Ирландский вопрос")

60. Militant Islam’s Expansion in the Southern Philippines

61. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

62. Young people’s problems

63. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

64. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

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65. Финансовые инструменты ("Financial Instruments. Teaching materials of the course")

66. The basical macroeconomics indicators

67. The history of Australia

68. Why was the United States unsuccessful in Vietnam?

69. Мальтийский еврей (The Jew of Malta)

70. The JAZZ Story
The JAZZ Story
71. The Taming of the Shrew
The Taming of the Shrew
72. Анализ деятельности the Coca-Cola company

73. The Helicobacter pylori infection diagnosis

74. Huey Lewis and the News

75. At the gates

76. THE EVOLUTION OF AMERICAN NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY SINCE THE END OF SECOND WORLD WAR

77. The Value Based Leadership Theory

78. История английского языка по книге Bill Bryson The Mother Tongue

79. The City of London and its role as a financial centre

80. The balanced scorecard (новые возможности для эффективного управления)

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81. World trade organisation

82. Protectionnism and Free Trade in Economical Doctrines

83. Метафорический потенциал слова и его реализация в поэме Т.С. Элиота The Waste Land

84. The United States of America

85. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

86. The US Educational System
The US Educational System
87. The British Educational System
The British Educational System
88. London - the capital of Great Britain
London - the capital of Great Britain

89. The History of Moscow

90. What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?

91. Choosing the future profession

92. Outstanding people

93. The Cinema World

94. Problems of the youth

95. The Golden Fish

96. The Golden Hair Girl

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97. The Frog Princess

98. The Future: A Must for Our World Community

99. The 8th of March


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